Update: 2007-03-08 05:28 AM -0500

TIL

Burmese Indigenous Medicinal Plants

by Daw Mya Bwin and U Sein Gwan, Pharmacology Research Division, Department of Medical Research, Ministry of Health, Rangoon, 1973.

HTML version with additions from other sources by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than,  and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Edited by UKT for incorporating into Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database. Not for sale

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   See Plants for hypotensive action
05. Holarrhena antidysenterica -- {lak-htoat-kri:}  Letokegyi.

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05. Holarrhena antidysenterica (Roth.) Wall.

Family as given by authors: Apocynaceae

p42

Burmese name: {lak-htoat-kri:}  Letokegyi.

Holarrhena antidysenterica (Roth.) Wall. Cat. 1672. (1824).
Echites antidysenterica Roth., Nov. Pl. 138 (1821).
Holarrhena pubescens Wall. Cat. 1673 (1829). Nomen.
Chonemorrpha antidysenterica G. Don, Gen. Syst. IV. 76 (1837).
Holarrhena codaga G. Don, Gen. Syst. IV. 78 (1837).
Wrightia antidysenterica Z. Grah. Cat. Bomb. Pl. 114 (1839).
Holarrhena malaccensis Wight, Ic. t. 1298 (1848).
English common name: Nil.

Description
Small tree; younger branches tomentose, older ones glabrous; bark pale. Leaves opposite, broad ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, pubescent on both surfaces. Flowers white, in terminal cymes. Fruit follicles, paired, cylindric, often dotted with white spots, dehiscing along the suture. Family Apocynaceae. Flowering from May to June.

Distribution
Widely distributed throughout Burma. Prome, Pegu down to Tenasserim.

Uses
Kurchicine, bark alkaloid in small doses raise blood pressure followed by a fall. fn42-01
Conessine, also in large doses depress blood pressure.
Bark is used in dysentery, dried and ground bark rubbed over the body in dropsy.
Seeds used as astringent, febrifuge in fever, dysentery, dirarrhoea and intestinal worms.

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fn42-01 Chopra, R. N., S. L. Nayar & I. C. Chopra (1956). Glossary of Indian medicinal plants, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research: New Delhi. fn42-01b

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