Update: 2007-03-08 04:56 AM -0500


Burmese Indigenous Medicinal Plants

by Daw Mya Bwin and U Sein Gwan, Pharmacology Research Division, Department of Medical Research, Ministry of Health, Rangoon, 1973.

HTML version with additions from other sources by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than,  and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Edited by UKT for incorporating into Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database. Not for sale

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   ē See Plants for hypotensive action
03. Blumea balsamifera -- {hpoan:ma.thein} Hpone-ma-thein
04. Boerhaavia diffusa -- {pa.ran~na.wa}  Payan-nawa.

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03. Blumea balsamifera D.C.

Family as given by authors: Compositae.


Burmese name:  {hpošn:ma.thain} Hpone-ma-thein.

Blumea Balsamifera DC. Prodr. v. 466 (1834).
Conyza balsamifera Linn.
Conyza vestita Wall. Cat. 2998. (1831).
Conyza appendiculata Blume Bijd. 895, not Lamk.
English common name: Nagai Camphor.

An evergreen shrub sometimes growing out into a small tree, all softer parts densely woolly. Leaves compound, leaflets lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate. Flower heads rather small, yellow. Fruits minute achene. Family Compositae.

Widely distributed in Burma. Often planted for its medicinal property.

Injection of leaf extract lowers blood pressure. fn44-01
The above extract is also used in the treatment of excitement, insomnia and hypertension.
Warm infusion of the plant used as expectorant.


fn44-01 Chopra, R. N., S. L. Nayar & I. C. Chopra (1956). Glossary of Indian medicinal plants, p.38. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research: New Delhi. fn44-01b

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04. Boerhaavia diffusa Linn.

Family as given by authors: Nyctaginaceae

Burmese name: {pa.ran~na.wa}  Payan-nawa.

Boerhaavia Diffusa Linn. Sp. Pl. 3 (1753).
Boerhaavia repens Linn. Sp. Pl. 3 (1753).
Boerhaavia procumbens Rexb. Fl. INd. i. 146 (1832).
English common name: Hogweed, Pigweed.

A spreading, much-branched herb; stems thickened at the nodes, minutely pubescent or nearly glabrous, often purplihs. Leaves at each node in unequal pairs, broadlly ovate or suborbicular green and glabrous above, usually white with minute scales beneath, often coloured pink. Flowers pink or whitish, minute, in small umbles arranged in slender long-stalked, axillary and terminal panicles. Fruit clavate, 5-ribbed, viscidly glandular on the ribes. Family Nyctaginaceae. Flowers and fruits, major part of the year.

Widely distributed throughout Burma. Also planted in house compounds for its medicinal value.

Root alkaloid possess hypertension activity. fn37-01
Root is also used as diuretic, laxative, expectorant, in asthma, stomachic, in oedema, anaemia, jaundice, ascites, anasarca, scanty urine and internal inflammation.
Locally the plant is used as diuretic and lactagogue. fn37-02


fn37-01 Chopra, R. N., S. L. Nayar & I. C. Chopra (1956). Glossary of INdian medicinal plants, p. 37. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research: New Delhi. fn37-01b

fn37-02   fn37-02b

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End of TIL file