Update: 2007-03-08 04:53 AM -0500

TIL

Burmese Indigenous Medicinal Plants

by Daw Mya Bwin and U Sein Gwan, Pharmacology Research Division, Department of Medical Research, Ministry of Health, Rangoon, 1973.

HTML version with additions from other sources by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than,  and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Edited by UKT for incorporating into Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database. Not for sale.

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   See Plants for hypotensive action
01. Alstonia venenata  -- Burmese name, nil; English name, nil
02. Arundo donax -- {a.lo-kyu}  Alo-kyu.

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01. Alstonia venenata R.Br.

Family as given by authors: Apocynaceae.

p40

Burmese name: Nil.

Alstonia Venenata R. Br. in Mem. Wern. Soc. I. 77 (1809).
Echites venenata Roxb. Hort. Beng. 20 (1814).
Alstonia neriifolia D. Don, Prodr. Fl. Nep. 131. (1825).
Blaberopus vencenatus A. D. C. Prodr. VIII. 410 (1844).
Blaberopus veriifolius A. DC. Prodr. VIII. 411 (1844).
Blaberopus Sebusii Van Huerck and Muell. Arg. in plant. Nov. Berb. Van Huerck, fasc. II. 188 (1870).
English common name: Nil.

Description
A shrub; branches lenticellate and pubescent. Leaves in whorls of 3-6, oblong lanceolate, pubescent beneath. Flowers white, relatively small. Fruit, follicles, sword-shaped. Family Apocynaceae.

Distribution
Goteik and Chin hills.

Uses
A new alkaloid, alstovenine which is a 4-hydroxytrypamine derivative possess hypertensive action. fn40-01

Ripe fruit used in syphilis, insanity, epilepsy and as tonic, antiperiodic and anthelmintic. fn40-02

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fn40-01 Dey, P. K. (1965). Pharmacological properties of a new alkaloid Alstovenine. NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN, 52, 187. In: Excerpta Medica (1966), 19, Pharma. Toxicol., 1132. fn40-01b

fn40-02 Chopra, R. N., S. L. Nayar & I. C. Chopra (1956). Glossary of Indian medicinal plants, p. 15. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research: New Delhi. fn40-02b

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02. Arundo donax Linn.

Family as given by authors: not given

p47

Burmese name:    {a.lo-kyu}  Alo-kyu.

Arundo Donax Linn. Sp. Pl. 81 (1753).
Arudo Bengalensis bifaria Retz. Obs. IV. 22 and V. 20.
Arundo longifolia Salisb. Prodr. 24.
Arundo sativa Lank. Fl. Fr. III. 616.
Arundo trifolia Roxb. Ic. Pict. t. 853.
Donax arundinaceus Beauv. Agrost. 78, t. 16, f. 4.
Donax benghalensis Beauv. l. C. 78.
Donax bifarius Trin. in Spreng. Neue Entdeck. ii. 73.
Amphidonx bengalensis Nees exsteud. Syn. Gram. 197.
Amphidonax bifaria Nees exsteud. Syn. Gram. 410.
Scolochloa arundinacea Mert. Koch. Flo Germ. I. 529.
Aira benghalensis Gmel. Syst. i. 174.
Arundo Wall. Cat. n. 5018, excl. F., 5020.
English common name: Nil.

Description:
Tall, perennial grass with erect culms; Stems hollow, green. Leaves linear-lanceolate tapering to a fine point. Flowers and fruits from September to February.

Distribution:
Maymyo, Thayetmyo and Rangoon (planted).

Uses:
Decoction of rhizome used as diuretic and as emollient.
Rhizome extract raises blood pressure. fn47-01

UKT: See uses of A. donax as hypotensive drug .

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fn47-01 Chopra, R. N., S. L. Nayar & I. C. Chopra (1956). Glossary of Indian medicinal plants, p. 27. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research: New Delhi. fn47-01b

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End of TIL file