Update: 2011-09-22 12:17 PM +0800


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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/ {U} ऊ - the long vowel
{U:c~} ऊच्
{U:ya.} ऊय
{U:ru} ऊरू
{U:r~} ऊर्


UKT notes
• One thing that has been troubling me for a long time is the script accorded to the phoneme /{oän}/. The Devanagari script is ॐ whereas Burmese- and Pali-Myanmar is {OÄn}. Now we come to the second troublesome phoneme - IPA /{u}/. The scripts accorded to this are (formal) and (trivial). Yet, I have seen attempts by some to change the formal to as the honourific part of the Myanmar name, for example U Aye Maung ({lak ré: to} "Shorthand"). As a personal note I must add that I had two cousins by marriage with the same name "U Aye Maung". One was the "Shorthand" (one of those who devised a shorthand system in Myanmar script) (need to check fact), and the second a noted author on Buddhism - {sa-pé-beik-mhan}, the author of controversial Buddha and His Doctrine (in Burmese-Myanmar). On further investigation, I found out that my cousin Shorthand U Aye Maung's was not unique but was derived from the {rhwé-kying}-Buddhist sect in which the monks spelled their names with instead of . Now what I would also like to know is when in history did the split between - occur, why and by whom. -- UKT 100323

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{U:c~} ऊच्

UKT: In Bur-Myan, only short-vowels are checked. Exceptions are those "imported" from Pal-Myan where long-vowels are
"incompletely checked".
   Note that here the checking consonant is the palatal stop {sa.} // equated to च ca pronounced as {hkya.} as in
English <church>. It is NOT the dental fricative {Sa.} //.
¤ {OAc~} . See - [astrol.] high position of a planet occupying a particular house of the zodiac. - MEDict-625
¤ {OAc~sa.} .
  See Pali -- UHS-PMD202
  See Pali ucca  adj. high. -- UPMT-PED046

उच्च  ucca  adj.  high, tall -- SpkSkt 
उच्चता  uccatā  f.  height, superiority  -- SpkSkt

उच्चय  uccaya  m.  collection, cluster  -- SpkSkt

उच्चार  uccāra  m.  pronunciation, utterance ; feces, excrement, discharge -- SpkSkt

उच्छति { वस् }  ucchati {vas}  v.6  grow bright, light up -- SpkSkt

• ऊच्छबल (uuchchhabala)
Skt: ऊच्छबल (uuchchhabala) - Exaltation strength part of Shad Bala - OnlineSktDict

• Shad Bala: "Shad" means 'six', and "Bala" means 'strength'. Shad Bala is a 6 fold strength that indicates how powerful or influential a planet is. - Skt-Astro-Gloss


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{U:ya.} ऊय

UKT: Note: Here the "long vowel" or emphatic pitch-register is not checked.

• ऊयते (uuyate)
Skt: ऊयते (uuyate) - to weave - OnlineSktDict

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{U:ru} ऊरू

• ऊरू (uuruu)
Skt: ऊरू (uuruu) - thighs - OnlineSktDict

• ऊरूः (uuruuH)
  Skt: ऊरूः (uuruuH) m. thigh - OnlineSktDict
  Pal: ūru  m.  the thigh - UPMT-PED056

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{U:r~} ऊर्

UKT: A vowel, even when "short" is never completely checked by an approximant consonant - the medial formers: {ya.} {ra.} {la.} {wa.} and {ha.}. Waiting for comments. -- UKT 100327

• ऊर्जा (uurjaa)
Skt: ऊर्जा (uurjaa) - (f) energy - OnlineSktDict


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• ऊर्णनाभः (uurNanaabhaH)
Skt: ऊर्णनाभः (uurNanaabhaH) - (m) spider - OnlineSktDict

• ऊर्णा (uurNaa)
Skt: ऊर्णा (uurNaa) - (f) wool - OnlineSktDict

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• ऊर्ध्व (uurdhva)
Skt: ऊर्ध्व (uurdhva) - raised - OnlineSktDict

• ऊर्ध्वं (uurdhvaM)
Skt: ऊर्ध्वं (uurdhvaM) - upwards - OnlineSktDict

• ऊर्ध्वप्रसारितएकपादासन (uurdhvaprasaaritaekapaadaasana) sp?
Skt: ऊर्ध्वप्रसारितएकपादासन (uurdhvaprasaaritaekapaadaasana) - balancing forward posture - OnlineSktDict

See my note on Balancing-forward posture

• ऊर्ध्वमुख (uurdhvamukha)
Skt: ऊर्ध्वमुख (uurdhvamukha) - face upwards - OnlineSktDict

• ऊर्ध्वरेतः (uurdhvaretaH)
Skt: ऊर्ध्वरेतः (uurdhvaretaH) - a celibate intending to control (upward) the semen - OnlineSktDict

• ऊर्ध्वहस्तत्तनासन (uurdhvahastattanaasana) sp?
Skt: ऊर्ध्वहस्तत्तनासन (uurdhvahastattanaasana) - the up-stretched arms posture - OnlineSktDict
  UKT: I cannot find a suitable website for this pose. - UKT 100525

• ऊर्ध्वमूलं (uurdhvamuulaM)
Skt: ऊर्ध्वमूलं (uurdhvamuulaM) - with roots above - OnlineSktDict


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• ऊर्ध्वात् (uurdhvaat.h)
Skt: ऊर्ध्वात् (uurdhvaat.h) - from above - OnlineSktDict

• ऊर्मि (uurmi)
  Skt: ऊर्मि (uurmi) - wave - OnlineSktDict
  Pal: ūmi  mf.  a wave - UPMT-PED056

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UKT notes

Balancing-forward posture
Uttanasana : Standing forward bend

From: http://www.yogajournal.com/poses/478 100525
UKT: The transcription given indicates possible error of identification of the pose.

ut = intense
tan = to stretch or extend

Step by Step

1. Stand in Tadasana, hands on hips. Exhale and bend forward from the hip joints, not from the waist. As you descend draw the front torso out of the groins and open the space between the pubis and top sternum. As in all the forward bends, the emphasis is on lengthening the front torso as you move more fully into the position.

2. If possible, with your knees straight, bring your palms or finger tips to the floor slightly in front of or beside your feet, or bring your palms to the backs of your ankles. If this isn't possible, cross your forearms and hold your elbows. Press the heels firmly into the floor and lift the sitting bones toward the ceiling. Turn the top thighs slightly inward.

3. With each inhalation in the pose, lift and lengthen the front torso just slightly; with each exhalation release a little more fully into the forward bend. In this way the torso oscillates almost imperceptibly with the breath. Let your head hang from the root of the neck, which is deep in the upper back, between the shoulder blades.

4. Uttanasana can be used as a resting position between the standing poses. Stay in the pose for 30 seconds to 1 minute. It can also be practiced as a pose in itself.

5. Don't roll the spine to come up. Instead bring your hands back onto your hips and reaffirm the length of the front torso. Then press your tailbone down and into the pelvis and come up on an inhalation with a long front torso.

Go back balancing-forward-pose-note-b

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