Update: 2011-09-22 11:33 AM +0800

TIL

Sanskrit English Dictionary

a2tha1-032b2-3.htm

from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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{aaþ} आस्
{aa-þän} आसं
{aa-þa.} आस
{aa-þa} आसा
{aa-þi.} आसि
{aa-þu.} आसु
{aaþ~} आस्  : conjunct

UKT notes
• Asana

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{aaþ} आस्
p032b2-3

• आस् (aas.h)
= आ स ्
Skt: आस् (aas.h) - to sit - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-þän} आसं
p032b2-4

• आसं (aasaM)
Skt: आसं (aasaM) - exist - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-þa.} आस
p032b3

• आसक्त (aasakta)
Skt: आसक्त (aasakta) - attached - OnlineSktDict

• आसक्तमनाः (aasaktamanaaH)
Skt: आसक्तमनाः (aasaktamanaaH) - mind attached  - OnlineSktDict

• आसन āsana 
Skt: आसन (aasana) - seat - OnlineSktDict
Skt: आसन  āsana  n.  posture, seat,  sitting  - SpkSkt
Pal: āsana  n.  a seat, the withers of an elephant - UPMT-PED040

See my note on Asana (yoga)

• आसनं (aasanaM)
Skt: आसनं (aasanaM) - seat - OnlineSktDict

• आसनस्थम् (aasanastham.h)
Skt: आसनस्थम् (aasanastham.h) - (lotus like-) posture-stood - OnlineSktDict

• आसने (aasane)
Skt: आसने (aasane) - on the seat - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-þa} आसा
p032b3-2

• आसादय (aasaadaya)
Skt: आसादय (aasaadaya) - (causative of aa + sad) resort to - OnlineSktDict

• आसाद्य (aasaadya)
Skt: आसाद्य (aasaadya) - attaining - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-þi.} आसि
p032b3-3

• आसित् (aasit.h)
Skt: आसित् (aasit.h) - was/existed - OnlineSktDict

• आसिन (aasina)
Skt: आसिन (aasina) - by the weapon - OnlineSktDict

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p032b4

• आसिनं (aasinaM)
Skt: आसिनं (aasinaM) - situated - OnlineSktDict

• आसिनः (aasinaH)
Skt: आसिनः (aasinaH) - eaters - OnlineSktDict

• आसीत् (aasiit.h)
Skt: आसीत् (aasiit.h) - was - OnlineSktDict

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p033top

• आसीत (aa-sii-ta)
Skt: आसीत (aa-sii-ta) - does remain still - OnlineSktDict

• आसीनः (aasiinaH)
Skt: आसीनः (aasiinaH) - situated - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-þu.} आसु
p033top-2

• आसुरं (aasuraM)
Skt: आसुरं (aasuraM) - demonic- OnlineSktDict

• आसुरः (aasuraH)
Skt: आसुरः (aasuraH) - demoniac - OnlineSktDict

• आसुरनिश्चयान् (aasuranishchayaan.h)
Skt: आसुरनिश्चयान् (aasuranishchayaan.h) - demons - OnlineSktDict

• आसुरी (aasurii)
Skt: आसुरी (aasurii) - demoniac qualities - OnlineSktDict

• आसुरीं (aasuriiM)
Skt: आसुरीं (aasuriiM) - atheistic - OnlineSktDict

• आसुरीषु (aasuriishhu)
Skt: आसुरीषु (aasuriishhu) - demoniac - OnlineSktDict

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{aaþ~} आस्
p033top-3

• आस्तिक्यं (aastikyaM)
Skt: आस्तिक्यं (aastikyaM) - religiousness - OnlineSktDict

• आस्ते (aaste)
Skt: आस्ते (aaste) - remains - OnlineSktDict

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p033b1

• आस्था (aasthaa)
Skt: आस्था (aasthaa) - (f) confidence, interest - OnlineSktDict

• आस्थाय (aasthaaya)
Skt: आस्थाय (aasthaaya) - following - OnlineSktDict

• आस्थितः (aasthitaH)
Skt: आस्थितः (aasthitaH) - being situated - OnlineSktDict

• आस्थिताः (aasthitaaH)
Skt: आस्थिताः (aasthitaaH) - situated - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-þya.}
p033b1-2

• आस्य (aasya)
Skt: आस्य (aasya) - (m) mouth - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-þwa.}
p033b1-3

• आस्वाद (aasvaada)
Skt: आस्वाद (aasvaada) - tasting - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes

Asana (yoga)

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asana-yoga 100405

Asana (Skt: आसन sitting down < आस to sit down [1]) is a body position, typically associated with the practice of Yoga, intended primarily to restore and maintain a practitioner's well-being, improve the body's flexibility and vitality, and promote the ability to remain in seated meditation for extended periods. [2] These are widely known as Yoga postures or Yoga positions, which is currently practiced for exercise and as alternate medicine.

In the context of Yoga practice, asana refers to two things: the place where a practitioner (yogin (general usage); yogi (male); yogini (female)) sits and the manner (posture) in which s/he sits. [3] In the Yoga sutras, Patanjali suggests that asana is "to be seated in a position that is firm, but relaxed".[4] As the repertoire of postures has expanded and moved beyond the simple sitting posture over the centuries, modern usage has come to include variations from lying on the back and standing on the head, to a variety of other positions.[2]In the Yoga sutras, Patanjali mentions the execution of an asana as the third of the eight limbs of Classical or Raja yoga.[5]

The word asana in Sanskrit does appear in many contexts denoting a static physical position, although, as noted, traditional usage is specific to the practice of yoga. Traditional usage defines asana as both singular and plural. In English, plural for asana is defined as asanas. In addition, English usage within the context of yoga practice sometimes specifies yogasana or yoga asana, particularly with regard to the system of the Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga. That said, yogasana is also the name of a particular posture that is not specifically associated with the Vinyasa system, and that while "ashtanga" (small 'a') refers to the eight limbs of Yoga delineated below, Ashtanga (capital 'A') refers to the specific system of Yoga developed by Sri Krishnamacharya at the Mysore Palace.

Third of eight limbs

Yoga first originated in India. In the Yoga Sutras, Patanjali describes asana as the third of the eight limbs of classical, or Raja Yoga. Asanas are the physical movements of yoga practice and, in combination with pranayama or breathing techniques constitute the style of yoga referred to as Hatha Yoga.[6] In the Yoga Sutra, Patanjali describes asana as a "firm, comfortable posture", referring specifically to the seated posture, most basic of all the asanas. He further suggests that meditation is the path to samādhi; transpersonal self-realization. [7]

The eight limbs are, in order, the yamas (restrictions), niyamas (observances), asanas (postures), pranayama (breath work), pratyahara (sense withdrawal or non-attachment), dharana (concentration), dhyana (meditation), and samadhi (realization of the true Self or Atman, and unity with Brahman (The Hindu Concept of God)).[5][7]

Common practices

In the Yoga Sutras, Patanjali suggests that the only requirement for practicing asanas is that it be "steady and comfortable".[5] The body is held poised, and relaxed, with the practitioner experiencing no discomfort.

When control of the body is mastered, practitioners free themselves from the duality of heat/cold, hunger/satiety, joy/grief, which is the first step toward the unattachment that relieves suffering. [8] This non-dualistic perspective comes from the Sankya school of the Himalayan Masters. [9]

Common practices

Listed below are traditional practices for performing asana:

• The stomach should be relatively empty.
• Force or pressure should not be used, and the body should not tremble.
• Lower the head and other parts of the body slowly; in particular, raised heels should be lowered slowly.
• The breathing should be controlled. The benefits of asanas increase if the specific pranayama to the yoga type is performed.
• If the body is stressed, perform Corpse Pose or Child Pose
• Such asanas as Sukhasana or Savasana help to reduce headaches.
• Some claim that asanas, especially inverted poses, are to be avoided during menstruation. [10] Others deny this view.
• Asanas are generally not performed on floor, but on Yoga mats instead.
• At the end of the yoga session one must do a deeper, final relaxation. Should not go for a sleep

UKT: More in the Wikipedia article.

Go back Asana-note-b

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