Update: 2011-09-22 11:20 AM +0800


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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{aa-da.} आद
{aa-di.} अदि
{aa-dRi.} अदृ
{aa-dau} आदौ
{aa-dya.} आद
{aa-dra.} आद्र
{aa-Da.} आध
{aa-Di.} आधि


UKT notes
• Āditya आदित्यः  • Nakshatra ardra आर्द्रा

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{aa-da.} आद

• आदत्ते (aadatte) 
Skt: आदत्ते (aadatte) - accepts - OnlineSktDict

• आदान (aadaana)
Skt: आदान (aadaana) - taking - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-di.} अदि

• आदि (aadi)
  Skt: आदि (aadi) - beginning  - OnlineSktDict
  Pal: ādi - m.  beginning, starting point  - UPMT-PED034

• आदिं (aadiM)
Skt: आदिं (aadiM) - the origin - OnlineSktDict

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• आदिः (aadiH)
Skt: आदिः (aadiH) - the origin - OnlineSktDict

• आदिकर्त्रे (aadikartre)
Skt: आदिकर्त्रे (aadikartre) - to the supreme creator - OnlineSktDict

• आदिकेषु (aadikeshhu)
Skt: आदिकेषु (aadikeshhu) - etc etc - OnlineSktDict

• आदित्य (aaditya). 
Skt: आदित्य (aaditya) - a name of Sun, Vishnu is among twelve Aditya-s - OnlineSktDict

UKT: OnlineSktDict mentions "Vishnu is among twelve Aditya-s" which is probably from Vishnu Purana. See my note on Aditya . The Sun (= Sūrya) is one of the Aditya-s. - UKT100518

• आदित्यः (aadityaH).
Skt: आदित्यः (aadityaH) - the Adityas - OnlineSktDict

• आदित्यगतं (aadityagataM)
Skt: आदित्यगतं (aadityagataM) - in the sunshine - OnlineSktDict

• आदित्यवत् (aadityavat.h)
Skt: आदित्यवत् (aadityavat.h) - like the rising sun - OnlineSktDict

• आदित्यवर्णं (aadityavarNaM)
Skt: आदित्यवर्णं (aadityavarNaM) -luminous like the sun - OnlineSktDict

• आदित्यात् (aadityavat.h)
Skt: आदित्यात् (aadityavat.h) -the twelve sons of Aditi - OnlineSktDict

• आदित्यानां (aadityaanaaM)
Skt: आदित्यानां (aadityaanaaM) - of the Adityas - OnlineSktDict

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• आदिदेवं (aadidevaM)
Skt: आदिदेवं (aadidevaM) - the original Lord - OnlineSktDict

• आदिदेवः (aadidevaH)
Skt: आदिदेवः (aadidevaH) - the original Supreme God - OnlineSktDict

UKT: Burmese-Myanmars of Therawada Buddhist school should be careful about the English word <God>. "God" has been translated into Bur-Myan {Bu.ra:} or {hta-wa.ra. Bu.ra:} and is commonly mistaken to be equal to Bur-Myan {Bu.ra:} who was a historical person. "God" aka {hta-wa.ra. Bu.ra:} is the "unknowable" and is not a historical personage. I always equate it to be an idea. Therefore, I equate "God" to be the "Creator" and translate the word as {hpan-hsing:rhin} .
   The Skt word involved here is आदिदेवः (aadidevaH) which on removal of {wic~sa.} becomes आदिदेव (aadideva) equal to {a-di.dé-wa.}. You should note the {dé-wa.} part. {dé-wa.} in Therawada cosmology are "sexual" beings "lower" than "asexual" beings. - UKT 100518

• आदिभिः (aadibhiH)
Skt: आदिभिः (aadibhiH) - by those - OnlineSktDict

• आदिष्ट (aadishhTa)
Skt: आदिष्ट (aadishhTa) - ordered - OnlineSktDict

• आदिष्टवान् (aadishhTavaan.h)
Skt: आदिष्टवान् (aadishhTavaan.h)  (he was) commanded- OnlineSktDict

• आदीश्वर (aadiishvara)
Skt: आदीश्वर (aadiishvara) - the primeval lord, a name of Shiva - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-dRi.} अदृ

• आदृतः (aadRitaH)
Skt: आदृतः (aadRitaH) - having begun - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-dau} आदौ

• आदौ (aadau)
Skt: आदौ (aadau) - First - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-dya.} आद्य

• आद्य (aadya)
Skt: आद्य (aadya) - earliest - OnlineSktDict

• आद्यं (aadyaM)
Skt: आद्यं (aadyaM) - original - OnlineSktDict

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• आद्ये (aadye) = आ द ् य े
Skt: आद्ये (aadye) - (Masc.loc.sing.) the first - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-dra.} आद्र
no entry in OnlineSktDict

• आर्द्रा ārdra
= आ र ् द ् र ा
Skt: आर्द्रा ārdra - (Moist One) .

See my note on Ardra.

¤ आद्रश  ādraśa  m.  mirror  -  SpkSkt.

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{aa-Da.} आध

UKT: Note that the akshara ध = {Da.} is a base akshara, and not a conjunct of द = {da.} and conjunct-former ह = {ha.} :
NOT द्ह = द ् ह  .   The conjunct-formation with {ha.} is known as {ha.hto:} in Burmese-Myanmar is equivalent to pharyngealization in Burmese-phonotactics - not aspiration. I am waiting for comments from my Myanmar peers. UKT 100304


• आधत्स्व (aadhatsva)
= आ ध त ् स ् व 
Skt: आधत्स्व (aadhatsva) - fix - OnlineSktDict

• आधाय (aadhaaya)
Skt: आधाय (aadhaaya) - resigning - OnlineSktDict

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• आधारः (aadhaa-raH)
= आ ध ा र ः
Skt: आधारः (aadhaa-raH) - support or base - OnlineSktDict

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{aa-Di.} आधि

• आधिक (aadhika)
Skt: आधिक (aadhika)- addition, plus - OnlineSktDict

• आधिक्य (aadhikya)
Skt: आधिक्य (aadhikya) - surplus - OnlineSktDict

• आधिपत्य (aadhipatya)
Skt: आधिपत्य (aadhipatya) - overlordship - OnlineSktDict

• आधिपत्यं (aadhipatyaM)
Skt: आधिपत्यं (aadhipatyaM) - supremacy - OnlineSktDict

• आध्यात्मिकं (aadhyaatmikaM)
Skt: आध्यात्मिकं (aadhyaatmikaM) - super-natural, spiritual - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes


From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aditya 100224

In Hinduism, it refers to the Sun.


In the Rigveda, the Ādityas are the seven celestial lords, sons of Āditi, headed by Varuna, followed by Mitra:

1. Varuna
2. Mitra
3. Aryaman
4. Bhaga
5. Anśa or Aṃśa
6. Dhātṛ or Dakṣa
7. Indra

The eighth Āditya (Mārtanda) was rejected by Aditi, leaving seven sons. In the Yajurveda (Taittirīya Samhita), their number is given as eight, and the last one is believed to be Vivasvāna. Hymn LXXII of Rig Veda, Book 10, also confirms that there are eight Adityas, the eight one being Mārtanda, who is later revived back as Vivasvāna: [1]

"So with her Seven Sons Aditi went forth to meet the earlier age. She brought Mārtanda thitherward to spring to life and die again."

As a class of gods, the Rigvedic Ādityas were distinct from other groups such as the Maruts, the Rbhus or the Viśve-devāḥ (although Mitra and Varuna are associated with the latter). [2]


The Vedas do not identify the Ādityas and there is no classification of the thirty-three gods, except for in the Yajurveda (7.19), which says there are eleven gods in heaven (light space), eleven gods in atmosphere (intermediate space), and eleven gods in earth (observer space). In the Satapatha Brahmana, the number of Ādityas is eight in some passages, and in other texts of the same Brahmana, twelve Adityas are mentioned. [3] The list of 12 Adityas is as follows:

01. Aṃśa
02. Aryaman
03. Bhaga
04. Dakṣa
05. Dhātṛ
06. Indra
07. Mitra
08. Ravi
09. Savitṛ
10. Sūrya or Arka
11. Varuṇa
12. Yama

Vedanta and Puranic Hinduism

Āditya in the (Chāndogya-Upaniṣad) is also a name of Viṣṇu, in his Vāmana, the dwarf avatāra. His mother is Aditi.

Another such list, from the Vishnu Purana [4] is:

01. Aṃśa
02. Aryaman
03. Bhaga
04. Dhūti
05. Mitra
06 Pūṣan
07. Śakra
08. Savitṛ
09. Tvaṣṭṛ
10. Varuṇa
11. Viṣṇu
12. Vivasvat

Go back aditya-note-b

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From: Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nakshatra 091031

Ardra (आर्द्रा = आ र ् द ् र ा ) (Moist One) [Nakshatra (नक्षत्र = न क ् ष त ् र ) number 6 of 27]

¤ Western star name : Betelgeuse
¤ Lord : Rahu (North lunar node)
¤ Symbol : Teardrop, diamond, a human head
¤ Deity : Rudra, the storm god
¤ Indian zodiac : 6° 40' - 20° Mithuna ; Western zodiac: 2° 40' - 16° Cancer
¤ The moon in Ardra indicates a person with sadness and destructive impulses, but also who is skilled at creating new things out of destruction and renovating old things. They are cold, calculating, stubborn and controlling, with a violent temperament, but can also be strong, stable and sympathetic personalities.

Go back ardra-note-b

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