Update: 2011-09-22 11:07 AM +0800


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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{a.ha.} अह
{a.hi.} अहि
{a.hè:} अहै
{a.hau:} अहो
{iz~ña.} अज्ञ 

UKT notes
• Ahaṃkāra अहंकार - Hindu idea of Self or Ego

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{a.ha.} अह

• अह  (aha)
Skt: अह  (aha) - said - OnlineSktDict

• अहं (ahaM)
Skt: अहं (ahaM) -ii - OnlineSktDict

¤ अहंकार ahaṃkāra
Skt: अहंकार ahaṃkāra - a Skt term from Vedic philosophy
  and was later incorporated into Hindu philosophy, particularly Saṃkhyā philosophy. - Wiki:

See my note on Ahaṃkāra अहंकार 'Ego' or 'Self' .

• अहः (ahaH)
Skt: अहः (ahaH) - of daytime - OnlineSktDict

• अहङ्कर (aha.nkara)
Skt: अहङ्कर (aha.nkara) - tendency to identify oneself with external phenomena, 'the I-maker'- OnlineSktDict

• अहङ्कार (aha.nkaara)
Skt: अहङ्कार (aha.nkaara) - egoism, selfishness ,ignorance - OnlineSktDict

• अहङ्कारं (aha.nkaaraM)
Skt: अहङ्कारं (aha.nkaaraM) -false ego - OnlineSktDict

• अहङ्कारः (aha.nkaaraH)
Skt:अहङ्कारः (aha.nkaaraH) -false ego - OnlineSktDict

• अहङ्कारविमूढ (aha.nkaaravimuuDha)
Skt: अहङ्कारविमूढ (aha.nkaaravimuuDha) - bewildered by false ego - OnlineSktDict

• अहङ्कारात् (aha.nkaaraat.h)
Skt: अहङ्कारात् (aha.nkaaraat.h) - by false ego - OnlineSktDict

• अहङ्कृतः (aha.nkRitaH)
Skt: अहङ्कृतः (aha.nkRitaH) - of false ego - OnlineSktDict

¤ अहं कृष्णः ahaṃ kṛṣṇaḥ
Skt: अहं कृष्णः ahaṃ kṛṣṇaḥ sent.  I am Krishna, speaking. - SpkSkt

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• अहत्वा (ahatvaa)
Skt: अहत्वा (ahatvaa) -not killing - OnlineSktDict

• अहरागमे (aharaagame)
Skt: अहरागमे (aharaagame) -at the beginning of the day - OnlineSktDict

• अहर्निशं (aharnishaM)
Skt: अहर्निशं (aharnishaM) - ahaH and nishaa: day and night - OnlineSktDict

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{a.hi.} अहि

• अहि (ahi)
Skt: अहि (ahi) -on earth - OnlineSktDict

• अहिंसक (ahi.nsaka)
Skt:अहिंसक (ahi.nsaka) - non-violent - OnlineSktDict

• अहिंसा (ahi.nsaa)
Skt: अहिंसा (ahi.nsaa) - non-violence - OnlineSktDict

• अहित (ahita)
Skt: अहित (ahita) - sorrow (antonym of hita)- OnlineSktDict

• अहिताः (ahitaaH)
Skt: अहिताः (ahitaaH) - enemies - OnlineSktDict

• अहितुण्डकः (ahituNDikaH)
Skt: अहितुण्डकः (ahituNDikaH) - (m) a snake charmer - OnlineSktDict

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{a.hè:} अहै

• अहैतुकं (ahaitukaM)
Skt: अहैतुकं (ahaitukaM) - without cause - OnlineSktDict

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{a.hau:} अहो

• अहो (aho)
Skt: अहो (aho) - Oh ! - OnlineSktDict

• अहोरात्र (ahoraatra)
Skt: अहोरात्र (ahoraatra) - day and night - OnlineSktDict

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The following have been moved into a separate folder - a1k-thut-025b2-2.htm - 110619
  {ak~sa.} अक्ष - p025b2-2 , p025b2-3 , p025b2-4 , p025b2-5 , p025b2-6 , p025b2-7
  {ak~si.} अक्षि - p025b3

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{iz~ña.} अज्ञ

UKT: These words are probably of Hindi origin. See SED-intro.htm .
Without the help of a Indian Sanskrit speaker (as of 100316),
I am unable to arrive at a reliable transcription in Myanmar script
for Burmese-speakers. I'm just presenting how I have derived at the
spelling: अज्ञ {iz~ña.}, and आज्ञ {aaz~ña.} - noting that
the words possibly have nasal endings with modal register. UKT 100316

• अज्ञ (aGYa)
Skt: अज्ञ (aGYa)  - the ignorant person - OnlineSktDict

• अज्ञः (aGYaH)
Skt: अज्ञः (aGYaH)  - a fool who has no knowledge in standard scriptures - OnlineSktDict

• अज्ञता (aGYataa)
Skt: अज्ञता (aGYataa) - ignorance - OnlineSktDict

• अज्ञान (aGYaana)
Skt: अज्ञान (aGYaana)  - ignorance- OnlineSktDict

• अज्ञानं (aGYaanaM)
Skt: अज्ञानं (aGYaanaM)  - nescience - OnlineSktDict

• अज्ञानजं (aGYaanajaM)
Skt: अज्ञानजं (aGYaanajaM)  - due to ignorance - OnlineSktDict

• अज्ञानसम्भूतं (aGYaanasambhuutaM)
Skt: अज्ञानसम्भूतं (aGYaanasambhuutaM) - born of ignorance - OnlineSktDict

• अज्ञानां (aGYaanaaM)
Skt: अज्ञानां (aGYaanaaM) - of the foolish - OnlineSktDict

• अज्ञानेन (aGYaanena)
Skt: अज्ञानेन (aGYaanena) - by ignorance - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes

Ahaṃkāra अहंकार - Hindu idea of Self or Ego

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahamkara 110813

Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार), a Sanskrit term that originated in Vedic philosophy over 3,000 years ago, and was later incorporated into Hindu philosophy, particularly Saṃkhyā philosophy. [1]

In the Uttara Mimamsa or vedanta branch of Hindu philosophy, even though it is not discussed in great detail in the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna says to Arjun that ahamkara must be removed - in other words, it should be subordinated to the lord. The reason for this is that the Self is not (cannot be) present when one is in a state of ahamkara.


Ahaṃkāra (अहंकार) is a Sanskrit term that is related to the ego and egoism - that is, the identification or attachment of one's ego. The term "ahamkara" comes from an approximately 3,000 year-old Vedic philosophy, where Ahaṃ refers to the concept of the Self or "I" and kāra refers to the concept of "any created thing" or "to do". Ahamkara is one of the four parts of the antahkarana (inner organ) described in Hindu philosophy. The other three parts are Buddhi, Citta and Manas.

Philosophical implications

To have an understanding of this term means that we have a powerful tool for understanding the nature and behaviour of ourselves and of others. The Vedic philosophy taught that when one's mind was in a state of ahamkara, one was in a state of subjective illusion, where the mind had bound up the concept of one's self with a created thing. The created thing is usually a phenomenon which can be thought of as external to the self. It could be a tangible, concrete (material) thing - e.g., a motor car - or an intangible thing - e.g., such as a concept or idea (as in, for example, the concept of the fight for peace). The ego is involved in constructing the illusion.

Examples of ahaṃkāra in action:

• Consider how an otherwise sensible young man might feel that his new sports car was a reflection of his true self and this would encourage him to race his car recklessly against another person's car.

• Similarly, consider how someone who believed in the fight for peace, and who ordinarily might behave in a non-violent manner, might come to blows with someone who threatened or challenged his notions of peace.

In both cases, the mind has created a state of illusion, but it seems very real to the person in that state, and objectivity and reality are obscured. This deeply illusory state is what can often cause people to do the strangest, oddest things, sometimes evil, and often quite out of character. All humans could - and usually do at some time or other in their lives - suffer from this.

• Consider how an otherwise apparently nice, normal family man in the military - Rudolf Höss, could also happily undertake the role as the Commandant of the Auschwitz death camp in Nazi Germany. Höss' autobiography, written whilst he was awaiting execution after the trial for war crimes, indicates that was unable to see that he had been doing anything other than just doing his job to the best of his ability. [2]


Ahaṃkāra and spiritual development

• Ahaṃkāra is the instrument of Ahaṃ (the Spirit), the principle of individuation, acting as an independent conscious entity within the impure reality - yet, it does not have consciousness of its own.

• It is a receptacle of Cit śakti, its consciousness being a small spark from Cit, the universal consciousness.

• manifests itself by assuming authorship of all the actions of buddhi, manas, the senses and organs of action.

• It is believed to exist in the sphere of duality, in a state of identification with the physical body, its needs and desires.

• It is related to Vak tattva, one of The 36 tattvas in Vedic and Hindu religious philosophy.

• In ahaṃkāra, a state of rajas guna (agitation) predominates. This is because it identifies only with a small part of the creation (the body) and rejects everything else as "not me"; it becomes subject to a series of afflictions such as: pride, egoism, competitiveness, hate and jealousy.

Though ahaṃkāra is generally a state of illusion, once in that state, Vak tattva (one of the 36 tattvas) can appear. When it does, then, for the first time, individual will, determination, a sense of morality and ethics come into play - which is the first step on the path to spiritual development/enlightenment. Without a sufficiently harmonious and powerful ahaṃkāra (personality), it is thought to be impossible to exert the level of effort necessary to accede to a higher spiritual level. The position of ahaṃkāra and buddhi are sometimes presented in reversed order because, as the principle of "I-ness", ahaṃkāra is allowed control over the manas (sensorial mind) and buddhi (superior intellect, intuition). Yet, buddhi is a superior tattva, and ahaṃkāra is thus only able to be in a superior position to buddhi from a functional point of view. From an absolute point of view, ahaṃkāra is created by buddhi and thus subordinate to it.

Example of vak tattva in ahaṃkāra:

Following on from the Höss example above, there is evidence that Höss was able to eventually consciously shatter the illusion and begin his own path to spiritual development when, four days before he was hanged, he sent a message to the state prosecutor, including these comments:

"My conscience compels me to make the following declaration. In the solitude of my prison cell I have come to the bitter recognition that I have sinned gravely against humanity. As Commandant of Auschwitz I was responsible for carrying out part of the cruel plans of the "Third Reich" for human destruction. In so doing I have inflicted terrible wounds on humanity. I caused unspeakable suffering for the Polish people in particular. I am to pay for this with my life. May the Lord God forgive one day what I have done."[3]

UKT: End of Wikipedia article.

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