Update: 2011-09-22 09:13 AM +0800

TIL

Sanskrit English Dictionary

a1bba1-015top-3.htm

from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

Downloaded, set in HTML, and edited by U Kyaw Tun, M.S. (I.P.S.T., U.S.A.), and staff of TIL Computing and Language Centre, Yangon, Myanmar. Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone.

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{a.Ba.} अभ
{a.Ba} अभा
{a.Bi.} अभि
{a.Bi} अभी
{a.Bya.} अभ्य
{a.Bya} अभ्या
{a.Byu.} अभ्यु
{a.Bra.} अभ्र

• UKT: Before World War II, during the days I was going to school as a child in Myanmar, Bur-Myan {Ba.} was more commonly used in Burmese than {ba.}.

UKT notes
• Abhijit - the 28th nakshatra

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{a.Ba.} अभ
p015top-3

• अभक्ताय (abhaktaaya)
= अ भ क ् त ा य
Skt: अभक्ताय (abhaktaaya) - to one who is not a devotee - OnlineSktDict

• अभय (abhaya)
Skt: अभय (abhaya) - freedom from fear - OnlineSktDict

• अभयं (abhayaM)
Skt: अभयं (abhayaM) - fearlessness - OnlineSktDict

• अभये (abhaye)
Skt:अभये (abhaye) - and fearlessness - OnlineSktDict

• अभवत् (abhavat.h)
Skt: अभवत् (abhavat.h) - became - OnlineSktDict

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p015b1

• अभविष्यत् (abhavishhyat.h)
Skt: अभविष्यत् (abhavishhyat.h) - will become - OnlineSktDict

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{a.Ba} अभा
p015b1-2

• अभावः (abhaavaH)
Skt: अभावः (abhaavaH) - changing quality - OnlineSktDict

• अभावयतः (abhaavayataH)
Skt: अभावयतः (abhaavayataH)  - of one who is not fixed - OnlineSktDict

• अभाषत (abhaashhata)
Skt: अभाषत (abhaashhata) - began to speak - OnlineSktDict

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{a.Bi.} अभि
p015b1-3

• अभि (abhi)
Skt: अभि (abhi) - preposition - OnlineSktDict
Pal: {a.Bi.} - UHS-PMD0104
Pal: UPMT-PED - not entered
    UKT: Need to check whether OnlineSktDict's "preposition" is 'prefix' and not grammatical preposition or not.

• अभिज्ञतड् (abhi+taD.h)
Skt:अभिज्ञतड् (abhi+taD.h) - to strike - OnlineSktDict

• अभिकथनं (abhikathanaM)
Skt: अभिकथनं (abhikathanaM) -(n) allegation - OnlineSktDict

• अभिक्रम (abhikrama) = अ भ ि क ् र म
Skt:  अभिक्रम (abhikrama) -in ecdeavouring - OnlineSktDict

• अभिचार (abhichaara)
Skt: अभिचार (abhichaara) - black magic - OnlineSktDict
Pal: abhicāra  m.  fascination by means of certain magical influences - UPMT-PED021

• अभिजनवान् (abhijanavaan.h)
Skt: अभिजनवान् (abhijanavaan.h) - surrounded by aristocratic relatives  - OnlineSktDict

¤ अभिक  abhika  adj.  lustful, libidinous, lover - SpkSkt
   UKT: Compare with Pal: abhikāmī  - adj. desirous - UPMT-PED021

¤ अभिख्या  abhikhyā  f.  beauty, splendour, view - SpkSkt

¤ अभिगमन  abhigamana  n.  copulation - SpkSkt

¤ अभिज्ञ  abhijña  adj.  conversant, conscious, professional  - SpkSkt
¤ अभिज्ञान  abhijñāna  n.  recognition, souvenir  - SpkSkt
¤ अभिज्ञानपत्त्र  abhijñānapattra  n.  certificate of competence (proficiency, qualification) - SpkSkt

¤ अभिजानाति { अभि- ज्ञा } abhijānāti  v.  identify, agree to, be aware, recognize, perceive, acknowledge [double acc.] - SpkSkt

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p015b2

• अभिजातः (abhijaataH)
Skt: अभिजातः (abhijaataH) -born of - OnlineSktDict

• अभिजातस्य (abhijaatasya)
Skt:अभिजातस्य (abhijaatasya) - of one who is born of - OnlineSktDict

• अभिजानन्ति (abhijaananti)
Skt: अभिजानन्ति (abhijaananti) - they know - OnlineSktDict

• अभिजानाति (abhijaanaati)
Skt: अभिजानाति (abhijaanaati) - does know - OnlineSktDict

• अभिजायते (abhijaayate)
Skt:अभिजायते (abhijaayate) - becomes manifest - OnlineSktDict

• अभिजित (abhijita) .
Skt:अभिजित (abhijita) - A nakshatra between uttaraashhDhaa and shravaNa mainly centred on the star Vega.- OnlineSktDict

See my note on Abhijit (अभिजित)

• अभिजिन्मुहूर्त (abhijin.hmuhuurta) sp?
Skt:अभिजिन्मुहूर्त (abhijin.hmuhuurta) sp? - the most auspicious moment - OnlineSktDict

¤ अभिजिघ्रति { अभि- घ्रा }  abhijighrati { abhi- ghrā } 
Skt: अभिजिघ्रति { अभि- घ्रा }  abhijighrati { abhi- ghrā } v.  smell at, snuffle at,  sniff at - SpkSkt

¤ अभिजिघ्रति { अभि- घ्रा } abhijighrati { abhi- ghrā }
Skt: अभिजिघ्रति { अभि- घ्रा } abhijighrati { abhi- ghrā }  v.3  smell at - SpkSkt

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p015b2-2

• अभितः abhitaḥ (abhitaH)
Skt: अभितः abhitaḥ (abhitaH) - everywhere - OnlineSktDict
Skt: अभितः abhitaḥ (abhitaH)adv.  on all sides, near, up to - SpkSkt

• अभिद्रोहः (abhidrohaH)
Skt: अभिद्रोहः (abhidrohaH) - (m) insurgency - OnlineSktDict

• अभिधानं (abhidhaanaM)
Skt:अभिधानं (abhidhaanaM)  -(n) designation - OnlineSktDict

¤ अभिध्या abhidhyā 
Skt: अभिध्या  abhidhyā  f.  wish, desire, longing for - SpkSkt

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p015b3

• अभिधास्यति (abhidhaasyati)
Skt:  अभिधास्यति (abhidhaasyati) -explains - OnlineSktDict

• अभिधीयते (abhidhiiyate)
Skt:अभिधीयते (abhidhiiyate) - is called - OnlineSktDict

• अभिनन्दी (abhinandatii)
Skt: अभिनन्दी (abhinandatii) - praises - OnlineSktDict

• अभिनय (abhinaya)
Skt: अभिनय (abhinaya) -acting - OnlineSktDict

• अभिनिवेश (abhinivesha)
Skt:अभिनिवेश (abhinivesha) - possessiveness - OnlineSktDict

• अभिन्यासः (abhinyaasaH)
Skt: अभिन्यासः (abhinyaasaH) - (m) layout - OnlineSktDict

¤ अभिन्न  abhinna 
Skt: अभिन्न  abhinna adj.  unbroken, uncut, uninterrupted, whole number, integer (number), unchanged - SpkSkt

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p015b3-2

• अभिपुष्टिः (abhipushhTiH)
Skt: अभिपुष्टिः (abhipushhTiH) - (f) affirmation - OnlineSktDict

• अभिप्रवृत्तः (abhipravRittaH)
Skt: अभिप्रवृत्तः (abhipravRittaH) - being fully engaged - OnlineSktDict

• अभिप्रायः (abhipraayaH)
Skt:अभिप्रायः (abhipraayaH) - (m) opinion - OnlineSktDict

• अभिभवति (abhibhavati)
Skt: अभिभवति (abhibhavati) - transforms - OnlineSktDict

¤ अभिप्राय   abhiprāya
Skt: अभिप्राय   abhiprāya  m.  intention - SpkSkt

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p015b4

• अभिभवात् (abhibhavaat.h)
Skt:अभिभवात् (abhibhavaat.h) - having become predominant - OnlineSktDict

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p016top

• अभिभूय (abhibhuuya) 
 Skt:अभिभूय (abhibhuuya) - surpassing - OnlineSktDict

• अभिमनः (abhimanaH)
Skt: अभिमनः (abhimanaH) - conceit - OnlineSktDict

• अभिमान (abhimaana)
Skt:अभिमान (abhimaana) - self-importance - OnlineSktDict
Skt: अभिमान   abhimāna   m.  hostile intention - SpkSkt
Pal: अभिमान  abhimāna - m. pride, haughtiness - UPMT-PED023
Pal: {a.Bi.ma-na.} - UHS-PMD0111
  UKT: Note the slight differences in meaning given by various dictionaries.

• अभिमुखाः (abhimukhaaH)
 Skt:अभिमुखाः (abhimukhaaH)  - towards - OnlineSktDict

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p016top-2

• अभियाचना (abhiyaachanaa)
Skt: अभियाचना (abhiyaachanaa) - (f) demand - OnlineSktDict

• अभियुक्तानां (abhiyuktaanaaM)
Skt: अभियुक्तानां (abhiyuktaanaaM) - fixed in devotion - OnlineSktDict

• अभियोग (abhiyoga)
Skt: अभियोग (abhiyoga) - prosecution - OnlineSktDict

• अभियोगः (abhiyogaH)
Skt:अभियोगः (abhiyogaH - (m) prosecution - OnlineSktDict

• अभिरतः (abhirataH)
Skt: अभिरतः (abhirataH) - following - OnlineSktDict

• अभिरक्षन्तु (abhirakShantu)
Skt: अभिरक्षन्तु (abhirakShantu) - should give support - OnlineSktDict

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p016b1

• अभिरक्षितं (abhirakShitaM)
Skt: अभिरक्षितं (abhirakShitaM) - perfectly protected - OnlineSktDict

• अभिरक्षितम् (abhirakShitam.h)
Skt: अभिरक्षितम् (abhirakShitam.h) - who has been well protected - OnlineSktDict

• अभिरामस्त्रिलोकानां (abhiraama stri lokaanaaM) sp? :   स्त्रि =  स ् त ् र ि
Skt:अभिरामस्त्रिलोकानां (abhiraama stri lokaanaaM) sp? - the laudable rAma for all the three worlds - OnlineSktDict

• अभिविज्वलन्ति (abhivijvalanti)
Skt:अभिविज्वलन्ति (abhivijvalanti) - and are blazing - OnlineSktDict

• अभिषिंचति (abhishhi.nchati)
Skt: अभिषिंचति (abhishhi.nchati) - performs' puuja', by pouring water etc. on the idol - OnlineSktDict

• अभिषेकं (abhishhekaM)
Skt: अभिषेकं (abhishhekaM) - ablution - OnlineSktDict

• अभिसन्धाय (abhisandhaaya)
Skt: अभिसन्धाय (abhisandhaaya)  - desiring - OnlineSktDict

• अभिहिता (abhihitaa)
Skt: अभिहिता (abhihitaa) - described - OnlineSktDict

¤ अभिसंधान  abhisaṃdhāna
Skt: अभिसंधान  abhisaṃdhāna  n.  hostile intention - SpkSkt

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{a.Bi} अभी
p016b1-2

• अभीप्सित (abhiipsita)
Skt: अभीप्सित (abhiipsita) - desired  - OnlineSktDict

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{a.Bya.} अभ्य
p016b1-3

• अभ्यधिकः (abhyadhikaH)
Skt: अभ्यधिकः (abhyadhikaH)  - greater - OnlineSktDict

¤ अभ्यदधाति { अभ्य- धा }  abhyadadhāti { abhya- dhā }
Skt: अभ्यदधाति { अभ्य- धा }  abhyadadhāti { abhya- dhā } v.   set on fire - SpkSkt

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p016b2

• अभ्यनुनादयन् (abhyanunaadayan.h)
Skt: अभ्यनुनादयन् (abhyanunaadayan.h) - resounding - OnlineSktDict

• अभ्यर्च्य (abhyarchya)
Skt: अभ्यर्च्य (abhyarchya) - by worshiping - OnlineSktDict

• अभ्यसनं (abhyasanaM)
Skt: अभ्यसनं (abhyasanaM)  - practice  - OnlineSktDict

• अभ्यसूयकाः (abhyasuuyakaaH)
Skt: अभ्यसूयकाः (abhyasuuyakaaH) - envious - OnlineSktDict

• अभ्यसूयति (abhyasuuyati)
Skt: अभ्यसूयति (abhyasuuyati)  is envious - OnlineSktDict

• अभ्यसूयन्तः (abhyasuuyantaH)
Skt: अभ्यसूयन्तः (abhyasuuyantaH) - out of envy - OnlineSktDict

• अभ्यहन्यन्त (abhyahanyanta)
Skt: अभ्यहन्यन्त (abhyahanyanta) - were simultaneously sounded - OnlineSktDict

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{a.Bya} अभ्या
p016b2-2

• अभ्यारोपः (abhyaaropaH)
Skt: अभ्यारोपः (abhyaaropaH) - (m) indictment - OnlineSktDict

• अभ्याश (abhyaasha)
Skt:अभ्याश (abhyaasha) - outskirts - OnlineSktDict

• अभ्यास (abhyaasa)
Skt:अभ्यास (abhyaasa) - study - OnlineSktDict

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p016b3

• अभ्यासयोग (abhyaasayoga)
Skt: अभ्यासयोग (abhyaasayoga) - by practice - OnlineSktDict

• अभ्यासयोगेन (abhyaasayogena)
Skt: अभ्यासयोगेन (abhyaasayogena) - by the practice of devotional service - OnlineSktDict

• अभ्यासात् (abhyaasaat.h)
Skt:अभ्यासात् (abhyaasaat.h) - than practice - OnlineSktDict

• अभ्यासे (abhyaase)
Skt: अभ्यासे (abhyaase) - in practice - OnlineSktDict

• अभ्यासेन (abhyaasena)
Skt: अभ्यासेन (abhyaasena)  - by practice - OnlineSktDict

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{a.Byu.} अभ्यु
p016b3-2

• अभ्युत्थानं (abhyutthaanaM)
Skt: अभ्युत्थानं (abhyutthaanaM) - predominance - OnlineSktDict

• अभ्युदय (abhyudaya)
Skt:  अभ्युदय (abhyudaya) - rise, prosperity - OnlineSktDict

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{a.Bra.} अभ्र
p016b3-3

• अभ्रं (abhraM)
Skt:  अभ्रं (abhraM) - cloud - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes

Abhijit (अभिजित)

From: Online Sanskrit Dictionary (OnlineSktDict) PDF page

A nakshatra between uttaraashhDhaa and shravaNa mainly centered on the star Vega. For some reason, it is not usually included in the 27 nakshatras although it would make 28 if it was. adhipatii - Lord [UKT: entry in pdf page suddenly stops here.]

From Wikipedia (excerpt): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nakshatra 100221

There is an additional 28th intercalary nakshatra, Abhijit (अभिजित) (α, ε and ζ Lyrae - Vega - between Uttarasharha and Sravana). Its longitude starts from 06° 40' to 10° 53' 40 in sidereal Capricorn i.e. from the last quarter of Uttra Ashadha to first 1/15 th part of Shravana. Its span is 4° 13' 40 (4.22777... degrees). The span of 27 mean daily lunar motions totals 355.76167 degrees, and together these total 359.98945 degrees. Unless specifically mentioned it is not included in the list of the 27 constellations. It is held as an auspicious constellation in electional astrology. It is small (Laghu / Kshipra) in nature. The lord of Abhijit is Brahma.

From: http://www.barbarapijan.com/bpa/Nakshatras/28abhijit.htm 100221

¤ Abhijita is an "intercalary" nakshetra, used only to balanced the lunar calendar. 
¤ Abhijita has no predictive value.
¤ Intercalaries are used like Gregorian leap year only when necessary to balance the calendar. Abhijit is used only necessary.
¤ "Abhijit's symbol is a triangle, or three-cornered hut." "It consists of three stars which, unlike the other lunar mansions, are a long way from the ecliptic: the bright white star Vega (alpha Lyrae) and two other stars in the Lyre: epsilon and zeta Lyrae". -- Valerie Roebuck, The Circle of Stars, p.101

From: The Fall of Star Vega (Abhijit), by Dr. P. V. Vartak (Truth of 12,000 years B.C. recorded in Mahabharat)  http://www.hindunet.org/hindu_history/ancient/mahabharat/mahab_abhijit.html 100221

Maharshi Vyas has recorded in Mahabharat, Vana Parva (Chap.230, Verses 8-11), a dialogue between Indra and Skanda where-in it is stated that:

"Contesting against Abhijit (Vega), the constellation Krittika (Pliedes) went to "Vana" the Summer Solstice to heat the summer. Then the star Abhijit slipped down in the sky. At that time Dhanishta was given the first place in the list of Nakshatras. Rohini was also the first some time back. Now you decide what to do," said Indra.

This dialogue shows that when Indra went to Summer Solstice, Vega started falling down. Many scholards have ridiculed this idea of Star Falling; but now it is proved by modern astronomy that it was a true fact that 12,000 years B.C., Vega had really come down to the horizon from the heights of the sky, to become a pole star.

Krittikas were at the Summer Solstice between 21,800 and 20,840 years B.C. At this time Dhansishta was at the vernal equinox and hence was given the first place in the Nakshatras. From this period, the sages noticed the gradual fall of Abhijit. Falling steadily, it is assumed the position of the Celestial Pole at 12,000 B.C., when Indra met Skanda to think on the problem of time-reckoning. The story shows that the Indian sages were observing the stars and constellations at least from 23,000 years B.C.

Go back abhijit-note-b

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