Update: 2011-09-22 08:13 PM +0800

TIL

Sanskrit English Dictionary

than02-190b4-2.htm 

from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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{þän} सं : thibilant for Burmese speakers, sibilant for Hindi speakers
{þän-ka.} संक
{þän-sa.} संच
{þän-ta.} संत
{þän-pa.} संप

 

UKT notes
•

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{þän} सं : thibilant for Burmese speakers, sibilant for Hindi speakers

p190b4-2

• स (sa)
Skt: स (sa) - he - OnlineSktDict

• संग्रहः (sa.ngrahaH)
Skt: संग्रहः (sa.ngrahaH) - collection, repertoire, conglomeration, sum, totality, compilation, epitome, summary - OnlineSktDict

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• संचालक (sa.nchaalaka)
Skt: संचालक (sa.nchaalaka) - manager, coordinator - OnlineSktDict

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• संपादक (saMpaadaka)
Skt: संपादक (saMpaadaka) - editor - OnlineSktDict

• संपादकीय (saMpaadakiiya)
Skt: संपादकीय (saMpaadakiiya) - editorial - OnlineSktDict

• संपादनं (saMpaadanaM)
Skt: संपादनं (saMpaadanaM) - editing, accomplishing, effecting, fulfillment,
  gaining, obtaining, obtaining, acquiring, cleaning, clearing - OnlineSktDict

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• सत (sat)
Skt: सत (sat) - existence - OnlineSktDict

¤ सत्ता sattā
= स त ् त ा
Skt: सत्ता sattā - f. existence - SpkSkt

• सत्त्व (sattva) = स त ् त ् व
Skt: सत्त्व (sattva) - essence, main quality or essence of being - OnlineSktDict

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• समन्वित (samanvita)
Skt: समन्वित (samanvita) - (p.p) Connected with, connected n natural order; followed;
  Endowed with; affected by collected together (sam.h + anu + root i) - OnlineSktDict

 

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• समूहः (samUhaH)
Skt: समूहः (samUhaH) - group, collection, multitude, assemblage, aggregate, number,
  flock, troop - OnlineSktDict

• समूहनं (samuuhanaM)
Skt: समूहनं (samuuhanaM) - bringing together, collection, plenty - OnlineSktDict

• सयत (sayata)
Skt: सयत (sayata) - attempting - OnlineSktDict

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p191b1

• संमूढभाविन् (saMmuudhabhaavin.h)
Skt: संमूढभाविन् (saMmuudhabhaavin.h) - adj. deluded - OnlineSktDict

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{þän} सं
p191b1-2

• सं (saM)
Skt: सं (saM) - prefix for well - OnlineSktDict

• संज्ञतृ (saM+tRi)
Skt: संज्ञतृ (saM+tRi) - to cross - OnlineSktDict

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{þän-ka.} संक
p191b1-3

• संकट (sa.nkaTa)
Skt: संकट (sa.nkaTa) - calamity, danger - OnlineSktDict

• संकुचन (sa.nkuchana)
Skt: संकुचन (sa.nkuchana) - shrinkage - OnlineSktDict

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p191b1-4

• संगति (sa.ngati)
Skt: संगति (sa.ngati) - company - OnlineSktDict

• संगतिरैका (sa.ngatiraikaa)
Skt: संगतिरैका (sa.ngatiraikaa) - sa.ngatiH + ekA, company + (only) one (way)- OnlineSktDict

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• संगर (sa.ngara)
Skt: संगर (sa.ngara) - (m) a vow - OnlineSktDict

• संगवर्जितः (sa.ngavarjitaH)
Skt: संगवर्जितः (sa.ngavarjitaH) - freed from the contamination of fruitive activities and mental speculation - OnlineSktDict

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• संगीत (sa.ngiita)
Skt: संगीत (sa.ngiita) - music - OnlineSktDict

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• संग्रह (sa.ngraha)
Skt: संग्रह (sa.ngraha) - collection - OnlineSktDict

• संग्रहः (sa.ngrahaH)
Skt: संग्रहः (sa.ngrahaH) - the accumulation - OnlineSktDict

• संग्रहेण (sa.ngraheNa)
Skt: संग्रहेण (sa.ngraheNa) - in summary - OnlineSktDict

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• संग्रामभूमि (sa.ngraamabhuumi)
Skt: संग्रामभूमि (sa.ngraamabhuumi) - (fem) battleground - OnlineSktDict

• संग्रामं (sa.ngraamaM)
Skt: संग्रामं (sa.ngraamaM) - fighting - OnlineSktDict

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• संघटन (sa.nghaTana)
Skt: संघटन (sa.nghaTana) - organisation - OnlineSktDict

• संघनन (sa.nghanana)
Skt: संघनन (sa.nghanana) - condensation - OnlineSktDict

• संघर्ष (sa.ngharshha)
Skt: संघर्ष (sa.ngharshha) - conflict - OnlineSktDict

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p191b2-4 

• संघे (sa.nghe)
Skt: संघे (sa.nghe) - (loc.sing.) in Union or togetherness or group - OnlineSktDict

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{þän-sa.} संच
p191b2-5

• संचय (sa.nchaya)
Skt: संचय (sa.nchaya) - collection - OnlineSktDict

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{þän-ta.} संत
p191b3 

• संतुलन (sa.ntulana)
Skt: संतुलन (sa.ntulana) - balance - OnlineSktDict

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p191b3-2

• संदमन (sa.ndamana)
Skt: संदमन (sa.ndamana) - inhibition - OnlineSktDict

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• संदर्शय (sa.ndarshaya)
Skt: संदर्शय (sa.ndarshaya) - (verbal stem) to show - OnlineSktDict

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p191b3-4

• संधानं (sa.ndhaanaM)
Skt: संधानं (sa.ndhaanaM) - combination - OnlineSktDict

¤ संधि (saṃ-dhí)
Skt: संधि (saṃ-dhí) - adj. 1. containing a conjunction or transition from one to the other etc. - http://en.wiktionary.org/... 110428

See my note on Sandhi

 

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p191b3-5

• संनिधौ (sa.niidhau)
Skt: संनिधौ (sa.niidhau) - in the presence of, close - OnlineSktDict

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p191b3-6

• संन्यसि (sa.nnyasi)
Skt: संन्यसि (sa.nnyasi) - one who has renounced the world - OnlineSktDict

• संन्यस्त (sa.nnyasta)
Skt: संन्यस्त (sa.nnyasta) - one who has renounced - OnlineSktDict

• संन्यस्य (sa.nnyasya)
Skt: संन्यस्य (sa.nnyasya) - giving up completely - OnlineSktDict

• संन्यास (sa.nnyaasa)
Skt: संन्यास (sa.nnyaasa) - of renunciation - OnlineSktDict

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• संन्यासं (sa.nnyaasaM)
Skt: संन्यासं (sa.nnyaasaM) - renunciation - OnlineSktDict

• संन्यासः (sa.nnyaasaH)
Skt: संन्यासः (sa.nnyaasaH) - renunciation of work - OnlineSktDict

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• संन्यासनात् (sa.nnyaasanaat.h)
Skt: संन्यासनात् (sa.nnyaasanaat.h) - by renunciation - OnlineSktDict

• संन्यासस्य (sa.nnyaasasya)
Skt: संन्यासस्य (sa.nnyaasasya) - of renunciation - OnlineSktDict

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• संन्यासी (sa.nnyaasii)
Skt: संन्यासी (sa.nnyaasii) - renouncer - OnlineSktDict

• संन्यासीनां (sa.nnyaasiinaaM)
Skt: संन्यासीनां (sa.nnyaasiinaaM) - for the renounced order- OnlineSktDict

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• संन्यासेन (sa.nnyaasena)
Skt: संन्यासेन (sa.nnyaasena) - by the renounced order of life - OnlineSktDict

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{þän-pa.} संप
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• संपर्क (saMparka)
Skt: संपर्क (saMparka) - contact - OnlineSktDict

• संपश्यन् (saMpashyan.h)
Skt: संपश्यन् (saMpashyan.h) - (pr.participle) looking at - OnlineSktDict

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• संपूर्ण (saMpuurNa)
Skt: संपूर्ण (saMpuurNa) - total - OnlineSktDict

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p192b1

• संपूर्णम् (saMpuurNam.h)
Skt: संपूर्णम् (saMpuurNam.h) - complete, finis, over - OnlineSktDict

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p192b1-2 

• संप्राप्ते (saMpraapte)
Skt: संप्राप्ते (saMpraapte) - (when you have) reached/ obtained - OnlineSktDict

• संप्राप्नोति (saMpraapnoti)
Skt: संप्राप्नोति (saMpraapnoti) - attains - OnlineSktDict

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• संबन्ध (saMbandha)
Skt: संबन्ध (saMbandha) - relationship - OnlineSktDict

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• संभावनामात्रेण (saMbhaavanaamaatreNa)
Skt: संभावनामात्रेण (saMbhaavanaamaatreNa) - by honouring (with gifts) alone - OnlineSktDict

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• संमार्जयति (saMmaarjayati)
Skt: संमार्जयति (saMmaarjayati) - to clean, to wash, to wipe - OnlineSktDict

• संमिश्रणं (saMmishraNaM)
Skt: संमिश्रणं (saMmishraNaM) - mixed - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes

Sandhi

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sandhi 110428

Sandhi (Skt: saṃdhi "joining") is a cover term for a wide variety of phonological processes that occur at morpheme or word boundaries (thus belonging to what is called morphophonology). Examples include the fusion of sounds across word boundaries and the alteration of sounds due to neighboring sounds or due to the grammatical function of adjacent words. Sandhi occurs particularly prominently in the phonology of Indian languages (especially Sanskrit, which has complex sandhi rules), hence its name, but many other languages have it. •

Types

• Internal sandhi features the alteration of sounds within words at morpheme boundaries, as in sympathy (syn- + pathy).

• External sandhi refers to changes found at word boundaries, such as in the pronunciation tem books for ten books in some dialects of English. The linking r of some dialects of English is a kind of external sandhi, as is the process called liaison in the French language and raddoppiamento fonosintattico in Italian.

While it may be extremely common in speech, sandhi (especially for the external) is typically ignored in spelling, as is the case in English, with the exception of the distinction between "a" and "an" (sandhi is, however, reflected in the writing system of both Sanskrit and many other Indian languages, as also in Italian in the case of compound words with lexicalized raddoppiamento fonosintattico). External sandhi effects can sometimes become morphologized, i.e., apply only in certain morphological and syntactic environments (e.g., Tamil[2][3]) and, over time, turn into consonant mutations.

Most tonal languages have tone sandhi, in which the tones of words alter according to pre-determined rules. An example is the behavior of tone 3 in Mandarin Chinese. Mandarin has four tones, and in isolation tone 3 is often pronounced as a falling-rising tone. When a tone 3 occurs before another tone 3, however, it changes into tone 2 (a rising tone), and when occurring before any of the other tones, it is pronounced as a low falling tone, with no rise at the end. A simple example of this occurs in the common greeting nǐ hǎo (with two words containing underlying tone 3), which is normally pronounced as if written ní hǎo.

UKT: End of Wikipedia article.

Go back Sandhi-note-b

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