Update: 2011-09-22 07:20 PM +0800


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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{ma.ya.} मय 


UKT notes
Mahavira - the Tirthankara

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{ma.ya.} मय

मयं (mayaM)
Skt: मयं (mayaM) - full of/ completely filled - OnlineSktDict

मयः (mayaH)
Skt: मयः (mayaH) - full of - OnlineSktDict

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मया (mayaa)
Skt: मया (mayaa) - by me - OnlineSktDict

मयि (mayi)
Skt: मयि (mayi) - in myself - OnlineSktDict

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मयुरासन (mayuraasana)
Skt: मयुरासन (mayuraasana) - the peacock posture - OnlineSktDict

मयूर (mayuura)
Skt: मयूर (mayuura) - a peacock - OnlineSktDict

मयूरः (mayuuraH)
Skt: मयूरः (mayuuraH) - m. peacock - OnlineSktDict

मय्यसहिष्णु (mayyasahishhNu)
Skt: मय्यसहिष्णु (mayyasahishhNu) - mayi + asahishhNuH, in me + intolerant - OnlineSktDict

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मरण (maraNa)
Skt: मरण (maraNa) - death - OnlineSktDict

मरणं (maraNaM)
Skt: मरणं (maraNaM) - death - OnlineSktDict

मरणात् (maraNaat.h)
Skt: मरणात् (maraNaat.h) - than death - OnlineSktDict

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मरीच (mariicha)
Skt: मरीच (mariicha) - a name of Sun - OnlineSktDict

मरीचि (mariichi)
Skt: मरीचि (mariichi) - rays - OnlineSktDict

मरीचिः (mariichiH)
Skt: मरीचिः (mariichiH) - Marici - OnlineSktDict

मरीचिका (mariichikaa)
Skt: मरीचिका (mariichikaa) - f. chillies - OnlineSktDict

मरीचिमालिन् (mariichimaalin.h)
Skt: मरीचिमालिन् (mariichimaalin.h) - adj. garlanded width rays, sun - OnlineSktDict

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मरु (maru)
Skt: मरु (maru) - desert - OnlineSktDict

मरुत् (marut.h)
Skt: मरुत् (marut.h) - wind - OnlineSktDict

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मरुतः (marutaH)
Skt: मरुतः (marutaH) - the forty-mine Maruts (demigods of the wind) - OnlineSktDict

मरुतां (marutaaM)
Skt: मरुतां (marutaaM) - in the air or thoro' the air - OnlineSktDict

मरुभूमिः (marubhuumiH)
Skt: मरुभूमिः (marubhuumiH) - m. desert, barren land - OnlineSktDict

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मर्जारः (marjaaraH)
Skt: मर्जारः (marjaaraH) - m. cat - OnlineSktDict

मर्त्य (martya)
Skt: मर्त्य (martya) - mortal - OnlineSktDict

मर्त्यलोकं (martyolokaM)
Skt: मर्त्यलोकं (martyolokaM) - to the mortal earth - OnlineSktDict

मर्त्येषु (martyeshhu)
Skt: मर्त्येषु (martyeshhu) - among those subject to death - OnlineSktDict

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मल (mala)
Skt: मल (mala) - dirt, rubbish - OnlineSktDict

मलय (malaya)
Skt: मलय (malaya) - malaya mountain - OnlineSktDict

मलयज (malayaja)
Skt: मलयज (malayaja) - A sandal tree (born in malaya mountain range), sandal wood - OnlineSktDict

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मलयज (malayaja)
Skt: मलयज (malayaja) - arising out of Mount Malaya - OnlineSktDict

मलेन (malena)
Skt: मलेन (malena) - by dust - OnlineSktDict

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मल्लः (mallaH)
Skt: मल्लः (mallaH) - m. wrestler - OnlineSktDict

मल्लयुद्धम् (mallayuddham.h)
Skt: मल्लयुद्धम् (mallayuddham.h) - n. wrestling - OnlineSktDict

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मशक (mashaka)
Sk: मशक (mashaka) - gnat, small fly - OnlineSktDict

मशकः (mashakaH)
Skt: मशकः (mashakaH) - m. mosquito - OnlineSktDict

मशकजालः (mashakajaalaH)
Skt: मशकजालः (mashakajaalaH) - m. mosquito net - OnlineSktDict

मशी (mashii)
Skt: मशी (mashii) - f. ink - OnlineSktDict

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महत् (mahat.h)
Skt: महत् (mahat.h) - great man - OnlineSktDict

महतः (mahataH)
Skt: महतः (mahataH) - from very great - OnlineSktDict

महता (mahataa)
Skt: महता (mahataa) - great - OnlineSktDict

महति (mahati)
Skt: महति (mahati) - in a great - OnlineSktDict

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महतीं (mahatiiM)
Skt: महतीं (mahatiiM) - great - OnlineSktDict

महत्तोन्माद (mahattonmaada)
Skt: महत्तोन्माद (mahattonmaada) - macromania - OnlineSktDict

महदवधानं (mahadavadhaanaM)
Skt: महदवधानं (mahadavadhaanaM) - great care & attention - OnlineSktDict

महद्योनिः (mahadyoniH)
Skt: महद्योनिः (mahadyoniH) - source of birth in the material substance - OnlineSktDict

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महनीय (mahaniiya)
Skt: महनीय (mahaniiya) - great person - OnlineSktDict

महर्षयः (maharshhayaH)
Skt: महर्षयः (maharshhayaH) - great sages - OnlineSktDict

महर्षि (maharshhi)
Skt: महर्षि (maharshhi) - great sages - OnlineSktDict

महर्षेणां (maharshiiNaaM)
Skt: महर्षेणां (maharshiiNaaM) - of the great sages - OnlineSktDict

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महा (mahaa)
Skt: महा (mahaa) - great (substitute of mahat), big large, huge, powerful, mighty, eminent, noble - OnlineSktDict

महाकाव्य (mahaakaavya)
Skt: महाकाव्य (mahaakaavya) - epic poem, very long poem - OnlineSktDict

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महाजनः (mahaajanaH)
Skt: महाजनः (mahaajanaH) - great man - OnlineSktDict

महात्मन् (mahaatman.h)
Skt: महात्मन् (mahaatman.h) - great man - OnlineSktDict

महात्मनः (mahaatmanaH)
Skt: महात्मनः (mahaatmanaH) - the great souls - OnlineSktDict

महात्मा (mahaatmaa)
Skt: महात्मा (mahaatmaa) - Great man - OnlineSktDict

महात्मानः (mahaatmaanaH)
Skt: महात्मानः (mahaatmaanaH) - the great souls - OnlineSktDict

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महादेव (mahaadeva)
Skt: महादेव (mahaadeva) - the great god - Shiva - OnlineSktDict

महादोषात् (mahaadoshhat.h)
Skt: महादोषात् (mahaadoshhat.h) - from the great defects, wrongs - OnlineSktDict

महान् (mahaan.h)
Skt: महान् (mahaan.h) - great - OnlineSktDict

महानद्यां  (mahaanadyaaM)
Skt: महानद्यां  (mahaanadyaaM) - in the great river - OnlineSktDict

महानुभवान् (mahaanubhavaan.h)
Skt: महानुभवान् (mahaanubhavaan.h) - great souls - OnlineSktDict

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महापातक (mahaapaataka)
Skt: महापातक (mahaapaataka) - great sins - OnlineSktDict

महापापात् (mahaapaapaat.h)
Skt: महापापात् (mahaapaapaat.h) - from the great sins - OnlineSktDict

महापाप्मा (mahaapaapmaa)
Skt: महापाप्मा (mahaapaapmaa) - greatly sinful - OnlineSktDict

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महापुरुषयोग (mahaapurushhayoga)
Skt: महापुरुषयोग (mahaapurushhayoga) - Combination for an extraordinary personality. Usually a planet is in Exaltation and in a Kendra (Angular sign or house) - OnlineSktDict

महाबन्ध (mahaabandha)
Skt: महाबन्ध (mahaabandha) - types of mudraa - OnlineSktDict

महाबालौ (mahaabalau)
Skt: महाबालौ (mahaabalau) - (two) great powerful persons - OnlineSktDict

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महाबाहुः (mahaabaahuH)
Skt: महाबाहुः (mahaabaahuH) - mighty-armed - OnlineSktDict

महाबाहो (mahaabaaho)
Skt: महाबाहो (mahaabaaho) - O mighty-armed one - OnlineSktDict

महाभारतः (mahaabhaarataH)
Skt: महाभारतः (mahaabhaarataH) - epic Mahabharat, part of itihas (history) - OnlineSktDict

महाभियोगः (mahaabhiyogaH)
Skt: महाभियोगः (mahaabhiyogaH) - m. impeachment - OnlineSktDict

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महाभूतानी (mahaabhuutaanii)
Skt: महाभूतानी (mahaabhuutaanii) - the great elements - OnlineSktDict

महामुद्रा (mahaamudraa)
Skt: महामुद्रा (mahaamudraa) - types of mudraa - OnlineSktDict

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महायोगेश्वरः (mahaayogeshvaraH)
Skt: महायोगेश्वरः (mahaayogeshvaraH) - the most powerful mystic - OnlineSktDict

महारथः (mahaarathaH)
Skt: महारथः (mahaarathaH) - great fighter - OnlineSktDict

महारथाः (mahaarathaaH)
Skt: महारथाः (mahaarathaaH) - great chariot fighters - OnlineSktDict

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महाराष्त्र (mahaaraashhtra)
Skt: महाराष्त्र (mahaaraashhtra) - Indian state - OnlineSktDict

महार्ह (mahaarha)
Skt: महार्ह (mahaarha) - great ( those that deserve to be called great) - OnlineSktDict

महाविघ्नात् (mahaavighnaat.h)
Skt: महाविघ्नात् (mahaavighnaat.h) - from the great obstacles - OnlineSktDict

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महावीर (mahaaviira)
Skt: महावीर (mahaaviira) - Mahavir - OnlineSktDict

See my note on Mahāvīra (Skt: महावीर 'Great Hero' - founder of Jainism "the 24th and the last Tirthankara.

महाशङ्खं (mahaasha.nkhaM)
Skt: महाशङ्खं (mahaasha.nkhaM) - the terrific conch shell - OnlineSktDict

महाशनः (mahaashanaH)
Skt: महाशनः (mahaashanaH) - all-devouring - OnlineSktDict

महिपाल (mahipaala)
Skt: महिपाल (mahipaala) - m. king - OnlineSktDict

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महिमा (mahimaa)
Skt: महिमा (mahimaa) - Glory - OnlineSktDict

महिमानं (mahimaanaM)
Skt: महिमानं (mahimaanaM) - glories - OnlineSktDict

महिम्नः (mahimnaH)
Skt: महिम्नः (mahimnaH) - of greatness - OnlineSktDict

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महिश (mahisha)
Skt: महिश (mahisha) - he-buffalo - OnlineSktDict

महिष (mahishha)
Skt: महिषः (mahishhaH) - m. buffalo - OnlineSktDict

महिषः (mahishhaH)
Skt: महिषः (mahishhaH) - demon - OnlineSktDict

महिषासुरस्य (mahishhaasurasya)
Skt: महिषासुरस्य (mahishhaasurasya) - of demon mahisha - OnlineSktDict

महिषासुरेण (mahishhaasureNa)
Skt: महिषासुरेण (mahishhaasureNa) - by the demon mahishasura - OnlineSktDict

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महीं (mahiiM)
Skt: महीं (mahiiM) - the world - OnlineSktDict

महीकृते (mahiikRite)
Skt: महीकृते (mahiikRite) - for the sake of the earth - OnlineSktDict

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महीपते (mahiipate)
Skt: महीपते (mahiipate) - O King - OnlineSktDict

महीक्षितां (mahiikShitaaM)
Skt: महीक्षितां (mahiikShitaaM) - chiefs of the world - OnlineSktDict

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महेन्द्र (mahendra)
Skt: महेन्द्र (mahendra) - Indra, god of gods - OnlineSktDict

महेश्वरं (mahesharaM)
Skt: महेश्वरं (mahesharaM) - the Supreme Lord - OnlineSktDict

महेश्वरः (maheshvaraH)
Skt: महेश्वरः (maheshvaraH) - the Supreme Lord - OnlineSktDict

महेश्वासाः (maheshvaasaaH)
Skt: महेश्वासाः (maheshvaasaaH) - mighty bowmen - OnlineSktDict

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महोदधि (mahodadhi)
Skt: महोदधि (mahodadhi) - ocean - OnlineSktDict

मह्यम् (mahyam.h)
Skt: मह्यम् (mahyam.h) - Mine - OnlineSktDict

मक्षिका (makShikaa)
Skt: मक्षिका (makShikaa) - bee - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes


From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahavira 110916

Mahāvīra (Skt: महावीर 'Great Hero', Kanada: ಮಹಾವೀರ Mahāvīra and Tamil: அருகன் Arukaṉ) is the name most commonly used to refer to the Indian sage Vardhamāna (Skt: वर्धमान; traditionally 599527 BCE[1]) who established what are today considered to be the central tenets of Jainism. According to Jain tradition, he was the 24th and the last Tirthankara. In Tamil, he is referred to as Arukaṉ or Arukadevan. He is also known in texts as Vira or Viraprabhu, Sanmati, Ativira,and Gnatputra. In the Buddhist Pali Canon, he is referred to as Nigantha Nātaputta.


In a place called Kundalagrama (District Vaishali, Bihar) situated close to 'Besadha Patti', 27 miles from Patna in modern day Bihar, India, Mahavira was born to King Siddartha and Queen Trishala on the 13th day under the rising moon of Chaitra (April 12 according to the Gregorian calendar). While still in his mother's womb it is believed he brought wealth and prosperity to the entire kingdom.[2] , which is why he was also known as Vardhaman. An increase of all good things, like the abundant bloom of beautiful flowers, was noticed in the kingdom after his conception. Queen Trishala had a number of (14 in Swetambar Sect, 16 in Digambar Sect) auspicious dreams before giving birth to Vardhaman, signs foretelling the advent of a great soul.

Jain tradition states that after his birth, the Hindu King of the gods, Indra, bathed him in celestial milk with rituals befitting a future Tirthankar and he was returned to his mother, Trishala.

Vardhaman's birthday is celebrated as Mahavir Jayanti, the most important religious holiday of Jains around the world.

As King Siddartha's son, he lived as a prince. However, even at that tender age he exhibited a virtuous nature. He started engaging in meditation and immersed himself in self-contemplation. He was interested in the core beliefs of Jainism and began to distance himself from worldly matters.

At the age of thirty Mahavira renounced his kingdom and family, gave up his worldly possessions, and spent twelve years as an ascetic. During these twelve years he spent most of his time meditating. He gave utmost regard to other living beings, including humans, animals and plants, and avoided harming them. He had given up all worldly possessions including his clothes, and lived an extremely austere life. He exhibited exemplary control over his senses while enduring the penance during these years. His courage and bravery earned him the name Mahavira. These were the golden years of his spiritual journey at the end of which he achieved arihant status.

Mahavira devoted the rest of his life to preaching the eternal truth of spiritual freedom to people around India. He traveled barefoot and without clothes, enduring harshest of climates, meeting people from all walks of life who came to listen to his message. At one point Mahavira had over 37,000,000 followers. Mahavira's preaching and efforts to explain Jain philosophy is considered the real catalyst to the spread of this ancient religion throughout India.

At the age of 72 years and 4 and a half months, he attained Nirvana in the area known as Pavapuri, Nalanda, Bihar on the last day of the Indian and Jain calendars, Deepavali. Jains celebrate this as the day he attained liberation or Moksha. Jains believe Mahavira lived from 599-527 BCE, though some scholars prefer 549-477 BCE.[4]

UKT: More in the Wikipedia article.

Go back Mahavira-note-b

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