Update: 2011-09-22 07:11 PM +0800

TIL

Sanskrit English Dictionary

bu1-128top-3.htm

from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

Downloaded, set in HTML, and edited by U Kyaw Tun, M.S. (I.P.S.T., U.S.A.), and staff of TIL Computing and Language Centre, Yangon, Myanmar. Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone.

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UKT notes
Observation of Jupiter from Earth

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p128top-3

बुद्ध्या (bud.hdhyaa)
Skt: बुद्ध्या (bud.hdhyaa) - by intelligence - OnlineSktDict

बुद्ध्वा (bud.hdhvaa)
Skt: बुद्ध्वा (bud.hdhvaa) - knowing - OnlineSktDict

बुद्बुदाः (bud.hbudaaH)
Skt: बुद्बुदाः (bud.hbudaaH) - m. bubbles - OnlineSktDict

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p128top-4

बुद्ध (buddha)
Skt: बुद्ध (buddha) - one who has known hence the enlightened - OnlineSktDict

बुद्ध buddha (buddha) = ब ु द ् ध
Skt: बुद्ध buddha (buddha) - Buddha - OnlineSktDict

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p128b1

बुद्धगतं (buddhagataM)
Skt: बुद्धगतं (buddhagataM) - having gone to Buddha or due to Buddha - OnlineSktDict

बुद्धयः (buddhayaH)
Skt: बुद्धयः (buddhayaH) - intelligence - OnlineSktDict

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p128b1-2

बुद्धि (buddhi)
Skt: बुद्धि (buddhi) - intelligence - OnlineSktDict

बुद्धिं (buddhiM)
Skt: बुद्धिं (buddhiM) - intelligence - OnlineSktDict

बुद्धिः (buddhiH)
Skt: बुद्धिः (buddhiH) - intellect - OnlineSktDict

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p128b1-3

बुद्धिनाशः (buddhinaashaH)
Skt: बुद्धिनाशः (buddhinaashaH) - loss of intelligence - OnlineSktDict

बुद्धिनाशात् (buddhinaashaat.h)
Skt: बुद्धिनाशात् (buddhinaashaat.h) - and from loss of intelligence - OnlineSktDict

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p128b1-4

बुद्धिभेदं (buddhibhedaM)
Skt: बुद्धिभेदं (buddhibhedaM) - disruption of intelligence - OnlineSktDict

बुद्धिमतां (buddhimataaM)
Skt: बुद्धिमतां (buddhimataaM) - of the intelligent - OnlineSktDict

बुद्धिमान् (buddhimaan.h)
Skt: बुद्धिमान् (buddhimaan.h) - is intelligent - OnlineSktDict

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p128b2

बुद्धियुक्तः (buddhiyuktaH)
Skt: बुद्धियुक्तः (buddhiyuktaH) - one who is engaged in devotional service - OnlineSktDict

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p128b2-2

बुद्धियोगं (buddhiyogaM)
Skt: बुद्धियोगं (buddhiyogaM) - real intelligence - OnlineSktDict

बुद्धियोगात् (buddhiyogaat.h)
Skt: बुद्धियोगात् (buddhiyogaat.h) - on the strength of KRishhNa consciousness - OnlineSktDict

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p128b2-3

बुद्धिसंयोगं (buddhisa.nyogaM)
Skt: बुद्धिसंयोगं (buddhisa.nyogaM) - revival of consciousness - OnlineSktDict

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p128b2-4

बुद्धी (buddhii)
Skt: बुद्धी (buddhii) - Intelligence - OnlineSktDict

बुद्धेः (buddheH)
Skt: बुद्धेः (buddheH) - more than the intelligence - OnlineSktDict

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p128b2-5

बुद्धौ (buddhau)
Skt: बुद्धौ (buddhau) - in such consciousness - OnlineSktDict

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p128b2-6

बुद्धुदाङ्कः (budbudaa NkaH)
Skt: बुद्धुदाङ्कः (budbudaa NkaH) - m. boiling point - OnlineSktDict

बुध (budh)
Skt: बुध (budh) - to know - OnlineSktDict

बुध (budha)
Skt: बुध (budha) - wise - OnlineSktDict

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p128b3

बुधः (budhaH)
Skt: बुधः (budhaH) - the intelligent person - OnlineSktDict

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बुधकौशिक (budhakaushika)
Skt: बुधकौशिक (budhakaushika) - the person budhakaushika - OnlineSktDict

बुधकौशिकः (budhakaushikaH)
Skt: बुधकौशिकः (budhakaushikaH) - budhakaushikaH (the author of this hymn) - OnlineSktDict

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p128b3-3

बुधवार (budhavaara)
Skt: बुधवार (budhavaara) - Wednesday - OnlineSktDict

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बुधाः (budhaaH)
Skt: बुधाः (budhaaH) - those who know - OnlineSktDict

बुधादित्ययोग (budhaadityayoga)
Skt: बुधादित्ययोग (budhaadityayoga) - Combination for learning - OnlineSktDict

बुधिः (budhiH)
Skt: बुधिः (budhiH) - mind - OnlineSktDict

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p128b3-5 

बृहत् (bRihat.h)
Skt: बृहत् (bRihat.h) - greater, long, macro, encompassing larger domain - OnlineSktDict

बृहत्दृष्टिता (bRihat.hdRishhTitaa)
Skt: बृहत्दृष्टिता (bRihat.hdRishhTitaa) - macropsia - OnlineSktDict

बृहत्शिर्षो (bRihatshirshhii)
Skt: बृहत्शिर्षो (bRihatshirshhii) - macrocephalic - OnlineSktDict

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p128b4

बृहत्साम (bRihatsaama)
Skt: बृहत्साम (bRihatsaama) - the Braahat-sama - OnlineSktDict

बृहस्पतिं (bRihaspatiM)
Skt: बृहस्पतिं (bRihaspatiM) - Brhaspati - OnlineSktDict

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p129top

बृहस्पतिः (bRihaspatiH)
Skt: बृहस्पतिः (bRihaspatiH) - the teacher of Devas called "Brihaspati" literally - OnlineSktDict

बृहस्पतिर्दधातु (bRihaspatirdadhaatu)
Skt: बृहस्पतिर्दधातु  (bRihaspatirdadhaatu) - Brihaspadi may give us - OnlineSktDict

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p129top-2

बृहस्पती (bRihaspatii)
Skt: बृहस्पती (bRihaspatii) - A name of the planet Jupiter - OnlineSktDict

बृहस्पतीवर्ष (bRihaspatiivarshha)
Skt: बृहस्पतीवर्ष (bRihaspatiivarshha) - The Jovian or Jupiter Year.
  Cycle of 60 years which starts with the first New Moon in Tropical Aries.
  Mundane Astrology term - OnlineSktDict

See my note on observation of Jupiter from Earth.

 

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बृहस्पतीवार (bRihaspatiivaara)
Skt: बृहस्पतीवार (bRihaspatiivaara) - Thursday - OnlineSktDict

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p129top-4

बोद्धव्यं (boddhavyaM)
Skt: बोद्धव्यं (boddhavyaM) - should be understood - OnlineSktDict

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p129top-5

बोधयन्तः (bodhayantaH)
Skt: बोधयन्तः (bodhayantaH) - preaching - OnlineSktDict

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p129top-6

बोधि (bodhi)
Skt: बोधि (bodhi) - enlightenment - OnlineSktDict

बोधि (bodhi)
Skt: बोधि (bodhi) - supreme knowledge - OnlineSktDict

बोधित (bodhita)
Skt: बोधित (bodhita) - having been taught/ enlightened - OnlineSktDict

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p129b1

बोधिसत्त्व (bodhisattva)
Skt: बोधिसत्त्व (bodhisattva) - the one whose sattva essence is enlightenment - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes

Observation of Jupiter from Earth

Excerpt from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jupiter 110106

Jupiter is usually the fourth brightest object in the sky (after the Sun, the Moon and Venus); [44] however at times Mars appears brighter than Jupiter. Depending on Jupiter's position with respect to the Earth, it can vary in visual magnitude from as bright as −2.9 at opposition down to −1.6 during conjunction with the Sun. The angular diameter of Jupiter likewise varies from 50.1 to 29.8 arc seconds. [5] Favorable oppositions occur when Jupiter is passing through perihelion, an event that occurs once per orbit. As Jupiter approaches perihelion in March 2011, there was a favorable opposition in September 2010. [64]

Earth overtakes Jupiter every 398.9 days as it orbits the Sun, a duration called the synodic period. As it does so, Jupiter appears to undergo retrograde motion with respect to the background stars. That is, for a period Jupiter seems to move backward in the night sky, performing a looping motion.

Jupiter's 12-year orbital period corresponds to the dozen astrological signs of the zodiac, and may have been the historical origin of the signs.[21] That is, each time Jupiter reaches opposition it has advanced eastward by about 30, the width of a zodiac sign.

Because the orbit of Jupiter is outside the Earth's, the phase angle of Jupiter as viewed from the Earth never exceeds 11.5. That is, the planet always appears nearly fully illuminated when viewed through Earth-based telescopes. It was only during spacecraft missions to Jupiter that crescent views of the planet were obtained.[65]

Research and exploration

The observation of Jupiter dates back to the Babylonian astronomers of the 2nd millennium BCE.[66] The Chinese historian of astronomy, Xi Zezong, has claimed that Gan De, a Chinese astronomer, made the discovery of one of Jupiter's moons in 362 BCE with the unaided eye. If accurate, this would predate Galileo's discovery by nearly two millennia.[67][68] In 499 CE Aryabhata, a great mathematician-astronomer from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy estimated the orbital period as 4332.2722 days, or 11.86 years [69].

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