Update: 2011-09-22 03:19 PM +0800


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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{zya} ज्य 
{zyι} ज्ये
{zyau:} ज्यो
{zwa.} ज्व
{Za.} झ

UKT note
• I am a little worried with my Bur-Myan rendition of {zya.} until I remember that it is parallel to {gya.}. You should also note that the grapheme looks like {Za.} which is not {sa.loδn:ya.ping.}. - 100706

• The word jhāna in Pali (झान = झ ा न ) has the equivalent in Sanskrit (ध्यान = ध ् य ा न ) . See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dhyana_in_Buddhism - 110630

• Since, row#2 aksharas have some sort of frictional sound I am wondering if I should treat
ज्य = ज ् य  not as a medial {zya.} /zja/, but as a simple conjunct {z~ya.} /zə.ja/ .


UKT notes


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{zya} ज्य 

• ज्यायसः  (jyaayasaH)
Skt: ज्यायसः  (jyaayasaH)  - gen. sing. of jyaayas, greater - OnlineSktDict

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• ज्यायसि (jyaayasi)
Skt: ज्यायसि (jyaayasi) - better - OnlineSktDict

• ज्यायाः (jyaayaaH)
Skt: ज्यायाः (jyaayaaH) - better - OnlineSktDict

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{zyι} ज्ये

• ज्येष्ठा (jyeshhThaa)
Skt: ज्येष्ठा (jyeshhThaa)  - Eighteenth nakshatra - OnlineSktDict

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{zyau:} ज्यो

• ज्योतिः (jyotiH)
Skt: ज्योतिः (jyotiH) - light - OnlineSktDict
*Pal: jotī  mn. (√jut) light, star - UPMT-PED099
*Pal: {zau:ti}
*Pal:  {zau:ti-ya.ti.} - UHS-PMD0419

• ज्योतिर्ध्यान (jyotirdhyaana)
Skt: ज्योतिर्ध्यान (jyotirdhyaana) - luminous contemplation - OnlineSktDict

• ज्योतिष (jyotishha) 
Skt: ज्योतिष (jyotishha) - the study of illuminated bodies;
 the study of Astrology and Astronomy which were one science in the past - OnlineSktDict
Skt: ज्योतिष  jyotiṣa  n.  astronomy - SpkSkt

See my note on Jyotiṣa

• ज्योतिषी (jyotishhii)
Skt: ज्योतिषी (jyotishhii) - An Astrologer  - OnlineSktDict

€ ज्योतिषविद्या  jyotiṣavidyā  f.  astronomy
€ ज्यीतिःशास्त्र  jyītiḥśāstra  n.  astronomy
€ ज्योतिःशास्त्र  jyotiḥśāstra  n.  astronomy
€ ज्योतिषसंग्रह  jyotiṣasaṃgraha  m. whole science of astronomy
€ ज्योतिस्   jyotis   n.   fire

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• ज्योती (jyotii)
Skt: ज्योती (jyotii) - inner light - OnlineSktDict
Pal: jotī  mn. (√jut) light, star - UPMT-PED099
Pal: {zau:ti}
• ज्योतीषां (jyotiishhaaM)
Skt: ज्योतीषां (jyotiishhaaM) - of all luminaries - OnlineSktDict

• ज्योत्स्न (jyotsna)
Skt: ज्योत्स्न (jyotsna) - moonlight - OnlineSktDict

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• ज्योत्स्ना (jyotsnaa)
Skt: ज्योत्स्ना (jyotsnaa) - (f) moonlight - OnlineSktDict

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{zwa.} ज्व

• ज्वर (jvara)
Skt: ज्वर (jvara) - fever - OnlineSktDict

• ज्वलति (jvalati)
Skt: ज्वलति (jvalati) - 1pp.  to glow - OnlineSktDict
Skt: ज्वलति { ज्वल् }   jvalati { jval }   v1, verb.caus.  
  build a fire, light a fire, start a fire, set on fire - SpkSkt

• ज्वलड्भिः (jvaladbhiH)
Skt: ज्वलड्भिः (jvaladbhiH) - blazing - OnlineSktDict

• ज्वलनं (jvalanaM)
Skt: ज्वलनं (jvalanaM) - a fire - OnlineSktDict

• ज्वालः (jvaalaH)
Skt: ज्वालः (jvaalaH)  - (m) fuse - OnlineSktDict

€ ज्वलन   jvalana   m.   fire

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{Za.} झ

• झषाणां (jhashhaaNaaM) = झ ष ा ण ा ं
Skt: झषाणां (jhashhaaNaaM) - of all fish - OnlineSktDict

• झृम्बणम् (jhRimbaNam.h)
Skt: झृम्बणम् (jhRimbaNam.h) - (n) yawning - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes


From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jyotissa 100708

Jyotiṣa (Skt: jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष), from jyσtis- "light, heavenly body": also anglicized Jyotish and Jyotisha) is the Hindu system of astrology (also known as Indian astrology, Hindu astrology, and of late, Vedic astrology). Traditionally, it has three branches:[1] actually the word jyotish which belongs to the Vedangas. There are six Vedangas: Shiksha (phonetics), Kalpa (rituals), Vyakarana (grammar), Jyotishya (astronomy), Nirukta (etymology) and Chhandas (metrics). These are mentioned in the Upanishads. Nirukta has explained as dhyotiti yat tat jyotihi jyotisham i.e. which enlightens us that type of a flame a Jyoti that is Jyotish.

The following 4 branches of astrology are mentioned in Wikipedia:

1. Siddhanta - traditional Indian astronomy.

2. Samhita  - predicting important events based on analysis of astrological dynamics in a country's horoscope or general transit events such as war, earthquakes, political events, financial positions, electional astrology; house and construction related matters (Vāstu Shāstra), animals, portents, omens etc.

3. Medini Jyotisha - mundane astrology

4. Hora - Predictive astrology based on analysis of natal horoscopes and the moment a query is made.

The latter two are part of predictive astrology (Phalita). Conceptually, therefore, Indian astrology has two branches, Ganita (Siddhanta) and Phalita (Samhita plus Hora).

The foundation of Jyotisha is the notion of bandhu of the Vedas or scriptures, which is the connection between the microcosm and the macrocosm. The practice of Jyotisha primarily relies on the sidereal zodiac, which is different from the tropical zodiac used in Western astrology in that an ayanamsa adjustment is made for the gradual precession of the vernal equinox. Jyotisha includes several nuanced sub-systems of interpretation and prediction with elements not found in Hellenistic astrology, such as its system of lunar mansions (nakshatras).

Astrology remains an important facet in the lives of many Hindus. In Hindu culture, newborns are traditionally named based on their jyotish charts, and jyotish concepts are pervasive in the organization of the calendar and holidays as well as in many areas of life, such as in making decisions made about marriage, opening a new business, and moving into a new home. To some extent, astrology even retains a position among the sciences of modern India.[2] Following a controversial judgement of the Andhra Pradesh High Court in 2001, some Indian universities even offer advanced degrees in astrology.[3]

The term jyotiṣa in the sense of one of the Vedanga, the six auxiliary disciplines of Vedic religion, is used in the Mundaka Upanishad and thus likely dates to Mauryan times. The Vedanga Jyotisha redacted by Lagadha dates to the Mauryan period, with rules for tracking the motions of the Sun and the Moon.

The documented history of Jyotishas {see http://www.astrowebindia.com/visit/OLD1.html} begins with the interaction of Indian and Hellenistic cultures in the Indo-Greek period. The oldest surviving treatises, such as the Yavanajataka or the Brihat-Samhita, date to the early centuries CE. The oldest astrological treatise in Sanskrit is the Yavanajataka ("Sayings of the Greeks"), a versification by Sphujidhvaja in 269/270 CE of a now lost translation of a Greek treatise by Yavanesvara during the 2nd century CE under the patronage of the Western Satrap Saka king Rudradaman I.[4]

The first named authors writing treatises on astronomy are from the 5th century CE, the date when the classical period of Indian astronomy can be said to begin. Besides the theories of Aryabhata in the Aryabhatiya and the lost Arya-siddhānta, there is the Pancha-Siddhāntika of Varahamihira.

The main texts upon which classical Indian astrology is based are early medieval compilations, notably the Bṛhat Parāśara Horāśāstra, and Sārāvalī by Kalyāṇavarman. The Horashastra is a composite work of 71 chapters, of which the first part (chapters 1-51) dates to the 7th to early 8th centuries and the second part (chapters 52-71) to the later 8th century. The Sārāvalī likewise dates to around 800 CE.[5] English translations of these texts were published by N.N. Krishna Rau and V.B. Choudhari in 1963 and 1961, respectively.

Historically, the study of astrology in India was an important factor in the development of astronomy in the Early Middle Ages.

UKT: more in the Wikipedia article.

Go back Joytissa-note-b

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