Update: 2011-09-22 03:02 PM +0800


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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{za.} ज
{zän} जं
{za.ga.} जग
{za.gût} जगत्
{za.gra.} जग्र
{za.Ga.} जघ
{zïn~ga.} जङ्ग
{za.Ta.} जट
{zûn~} जन्
{za.na.} जन
{za.pa.} जप
{za.ya.} जय
{za.ra.} जर
{za.la.} जल
{za.wa.} जव
{za.ha.} जह


UKT notes
• Rishi Jahnu • Janaka - the kings of Mithila

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{za.} ज

• ज (ja) {za.}
Skt: ज (ja) - Born - OnlineSktDict

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{zän} जं

• जंघे (ja.nghe)
= ज ं घ े
Skt: जंघे (ja.nghe) - ankle - OnlineSktDict

• जंतूनां (ja.ntuunaaM)
Skt: जंतूनां (ja.ntuunaaM) - (Nr.Poss.pl.) living beings; insects - OnlineSktDict

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{za.ga.} जग

• जगजैत्र (jagajaitra)
Skt: जगजैत्र (jagajaitra) - jagaje? + atra, in the world? + here - OnlineSktDict

• जगत् (jagat.h)
Skt: जगत् (jagat.h) - universe - OnlineSktDict

• जगतः (jagataH)
Skt: जगतः (jagataH) - of the world - OnlineSktDict

• जगतां (jagataaM)
Skt: जगतां (jagataaM) - of the Universe - OnlineSktDict

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{za.gût} जगत्

• जगत्पते (jagatpate)
Skt: जगत्पते (jagatpate) - O Lord of the entire universe - OnlineSktDict

UKT: juggernaut n. 3. Juggernaut - Used as a title for the Hindu deity Krishna. [Hindi jagannāth title of Krishna from Sanskrit jaganāthaḥ / lord of the world jagat moving, the world (from jigāti he goes) -- AHTD

• जगन् (jagan.h)
Skt: जगन् (jagan.h) - n.nom.+ acc.sing.  world - OnlineSktDict

• जगन्निवास (jagannivaasa)
= ज ग न ् न ि व ा स
Skt: जगन्निवास (jagannivaasa) - O refuge of the worlds - OnlineSktDict

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{za.gra.} जग्र

• जग्रत् (jagrat.h)
Skt: जग्रत् (jagrat.h) - awakened - OnlineSktDict

• जग्रतः (jagrataH)
Skt: जग्रतः (jagrataH) - or one who keeps night watch too much - OnlineSktDict

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{za.Ga.} जघ

• जघन्य (jaghanya)
Skt: जघन्य (jaghanya) - of abominable - OnlineSktDict

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{zïn~ga.} जङ्ग

• जङ्गमं (ja.ngamaM)
Skt: जङ्गमं (ja.ngamaM) - moving - OnlineSktDict

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{za.Ta.} जट

• जटामुकुटमंडितम् (jaTaamukuTama.nDitam.h)
Skt: जटामुकुटमंडितम् (jaTaamukuTama.nDitam.h) - adorned by locks of hair
 forming a crown - OnlineSktDict
*Pal: jaṭā  f. matted hair, tangled branches, lust - UPMT-PED095
*Pal: {za.Ta.} - UHS-PMD0406

• जटिलः (jaTilaH)
Skt: जटिलः (jaTilaH) - with knotted hair- OnlineSktDict

• जठर (jaThara)
Skt: जठर (jaThara) - intestine - OnlineSktDict
Pal: jaṭhra  m. the belly - UPMT-PED095
Pal: {za.Htra.}

• जठरपरिवर्तनासन (jaTharaparivartanaasana)
Skt: जठरपरिवर्तनासन (jaTharaparivartanaasana) - the belly-turning posture - OnlineSktDict

• जठरे (jaThare)
Skt: जठरे (jaThare) - in the stomach - OnlineSktDict

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{zûn~} जन्

• जन् (jan.h)
Skt: जन् (jan.h) - to to be born or produced - OnlineSktDict

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{za.na.} जन

• जन (jana)
Skt: जन (jana) - man - OnlineSktDict
Pal: jana  m. (√jā, jan) a man, being, the world - UPMT-PED095
Pal: {za.na.}

• जनः (janaH)
Skt: जनः (janaH)  - OnlineSktDict

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• जनक (janaka)
Skt: जनक (janaka) - father - OnlineSktDict
Pal: janaka  adj. producing;  m. a father - UPMT-PED095
Pal: {za.na.ka.} - UHS-PMD0406

• जनकात्मजा (janakaatmajaa)
Skt: जनकात्मजा (janakaatmajaa) - janakA's daughter - OnlineSktDict

• जनकादयाः (janakaadayaaH)
 Skt: जनकादयाः (janakaadayaaH) - Janaka and other kings - OnlineSktDict

See my notes on Janaka - - the kings of Mithila

• जनघटातन्त्रं (janaghaTaatantraM)
Skt: जनघटातन्त्रं (janaghaTaatantraM) - (n) mobocracy - OnlineSktDict

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• जनन (janana)
Skt: जनन (janana) - birth - OnlineSktDict

• जननं (jananaM)
Skt: जननं (jananaM) - birth - OnlineSktDict

• जननी (jananii)
Skt: जननी (jananii) - mother - OnlineSktDict
Pal: jananī  f.  a mother - UPMT-PED096
Pal: {za.na.ni} - UHS-PMD0407

• जनपदम् (janapadam.h)
Skt: जनपदम् (janapadam.h) - n. district - OnlineSktDict
*Pal: janapada  n. a province, district - UPMT-PED096
*Pal: {za.na.pa.da.} - UHS-PMD0407

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• जनपदेषु (janapadeshhu)
Skt: जनपदेषु (janapadeshhu) - in the society (janapada really meaning a village) - OnlineSktDict

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• जनयेत् (janayet.h)
Skt: जनयेत् (janayet.h) - causal form from ian.h meaning "should generate" - OnlineSktDict

• जनसंपर्क (janasaMparka)
Skt: जनसंपर्क (janasaMparka) - public relations, contact with people - OnlineSktDict

• जनसंसदि (janasa.nsadi)
Skt: जनसंसदि (janasa.nsadi)  - to people in general - OnlineSktDict

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• जनाः (janaaH)
Skt: जनाः (janaaH) - persons - OnlineSktDict

• जनाधिपः (janaadhipaH)
Skt: जनाधिपः (janaadhipaH) - kings - OnlineSktDict

• जनानां (janaanaaM)
Skt: जनानां (janaanaaM) - of the persons - OnlineSktDict

• जनार्दन (janaardana)
Skt: जनार्दन (janaardana) - O maintainer of all living entities - OnlineSktDict

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• जनित्रं (janitraM)
Skt: जनित्रं (janitraM) - (n) generator - OnlineSktDict

• जन्तवः (jantavaH)
Skt: जन्तवः (jantavaH) - the living entities - OnlineSktDict

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• जन्तोः (jantoH)
Skt: जन्तोः (jantoH) - of living beings - OnlineSktDict

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• जन्म (janma)
Skt: जन्म (janma) - birth, incarnation - OnlineSktDict

• जन्मः (janmaH)
Skt: जन्मः (janmaH) - (Mas.nom.Sing.) birth. janma: (Nr.) - OnlineSktDict

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• जन्मकर्मफलप्रदां (janmakarmaphalapradaaM)
Skt: जन्मकर्मफलप्रदां (janmakarmaphalapradaaM) - resulting in good birth and other fruitive reactions - OnlineSktDict

• जन्मन् (janman.h)
Skt: जन्मन् (janman.h) - birth - OnlineSktDict

• जन्मनां (janmanaaM)
Skt: जन्मनां (janmanaaM) - repeated births and deaths - OnlineSktDict

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• जन्मबन्ध (janmabandha)
Skt: जन्मबन्ध (janmabandha) - from the bondage of birth and death - OnlineSktDict

• जन्मराशि (janmaraashi)
Skt: जन्मराशि (janmaraashi) - Sign occupied by the Moon at birth  OnlineSktDict

• जन्मसु (janmasu)
Skt: जन्मसु (janmasu) - in births - OnlineSktDict

• जन्मानि (janmaani)
Skt: जन्मानि (janmaani) - births - OnlineSktDict

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{za.pa.} जप

• जप (japa)
Skt: जप (japa) - recitation - OnlineSktDict
Pal: japa  m.  (√jap) incantation of charms; f. China rose - UPMT-PED096
Pal: {za.pa.} - UHS-PMD0407

• जपति (japati)
Skt: जपति (japati) - 1pp  to mutter, mumble - OnlineSktDict
Pal: japati  v. (√jap) to whisper, mutter - UPMT-PED096
Pal: {za.pa.ti.} - UHS-PMD0407

• जपन्नित्यं (japannityaM)
Skt: जपन्नित्यं (japannityaM) - japan + nityaM, chanting + ever - OnlineSktDict

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• जपयज्ञः (japayaGYaH)
Skt: जपयज्ञः (japayaGYaH) - chanting - OnlineSktDict

• जप्त्वा (japtvaa)
Skt: जप्त्वा (japtvaa) - having chanted  - OnlineSktDict

• जम्बाल (jambaala)
Skt: जम्बाल (jambaala) -  m. mud - OnlineSktDict
Pal: jambāla  - m. mud - UPMT-PED096
Pal: {zûm~ba-la.} - UHS-PMD0408

• जम्बीरम् (jambiiram.h)
Skt: जम्बीरम् (jambiiram.h) - (n) lemon - OnlineSktDict

• जम्बूकः (jambuukaH)
Skt: जम्बूकः (jambuukaH) - fox - OnlineSktDict
*Pal: jambuka - m. a jackal - UPMT-PED096
*Pal: {zûm~bu.ka.} - UHS-PMD0408

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{za.ya.} जय

• जय (jaya)
Skt: जय (jaya) - victory - OnlineSktDict

• जयः (jayaH)
Skt: जयः (jayaH) - victory - OnlineSktDict

• जयते (jayate)
Skt: जयते (jayate) - becomes victorious; wins - OnlineSktDict

• जयमंगलम् (jayama.ngalam.h)
Skt: जयमंगलम् (jayama.ngalam.h) - victory that is auspicious - OnlineSktDict

• जयाजयौ (jayaajayau)
Skt: जयाजयौ (jayaajayau) - both victory and defeat - OnlineSktDict

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• जयेम (jayema)
Skt: जयेम (jayema) - we may conquer - OnlineSktDict

• जयेयुः (jayeyuH)
Skt: जयेयुः (jayeyuH) - they conquer - OnlineSktDict

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{za.ra.} जर

• जरा (jaraa)
Skt: जरा (jaraa) - old age - OnlineSktDict
Pal: jara  - m. fever; f. old age, decay - UPMT-PED096
Pal: {za.ra.} - UHS-PMD0409

• जर्जर (jarjara)
Skt: जर्जर (jarjara) - old/ digested (by disease etc) - OnlineSktDict

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{za.la.} जल

• जल (jala)
Skt: जल (jala) - water - OnlineSktDict
Pal: jala  n. water - UPMT-PED096
Pal: {za.la.} - UHS-PMD0409

• जलं (jalaM)
Skt: जलं (jalaM) - (Nr.non. + acc.S) water - OnlineSktDict

• जलधि (jaladhi)
Skt: जलधि (jaladhi) - sea/ ocean - OnlineSktDict

• जलन्धर (jalandhara)
Skt: जलन्धर (jalandhara) - bandha where the chin rests in the notch between the collar bones - OnlineSktDict

• जलपतनसहम् (jalapatanasaham.h)
Skt: जलपतनसहम् (jalapatanasaham.h) - Sensitive point relating to going on a voyage. One of many used in Varshaphal and similar in idea to Arabic parts - OnlineSktDict

UKT: The Hindu Astrological Birthday chart is known Varshphal. It predicts the events spanning your current year, i.e. from your last birthday to the next, or more specifically from the time the Sun re-enters the position it had occupied when you were born in the present year to the next. Because of this Varshphal chart is also known as the Solar Return chart. - UKT110825 based on: http://www.indastro.com/astrology-reports/varshphal.php 110824

• जलपातः (jalapaataH)
Skt: जलपातः (jalapaataH) - (m) waterfall - OnlineSktDict

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• जलबन्धः (jalabandhaH)
Skt: जलबन्धः (jalabandhaH) -(m) dam - OnlineSktDict

• जललव (jalalava)
Skt: जललव (jalalava) - water drop - OnlineSktDict

• जलाशय (jalaashaya)
Skt: जलाशय (jalaashaya) - lake, pond - OnlineSktDict

• जल्प् (jalp.h)
Skt: जल्प् (jalp.h) - to babble - OnlineSktDict

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{za.wa.} जव

• जवनिका (javanikaa)
Skt: जवनिका (javanikaa) - (f) towel - OnlineSktDict

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{za.ha.} जह

• जहाति (jahaati)
Skt: जहाति (jahaati) - can get rid of - OnlineSktDict

• जहि (jahi)
Skt: जहि (jahi) - conquer - OnlineSktDict

• जहीहि (jahiihi)
Skt: जहीहि (jahiihi) - jahi + iha, leave/ give up + here (in this world) - OnlineSktDict

• जह्नु (jahnu)
= ज ह ् न ु
Skt: जह्नु (jahnu) - name of an ancient king who adopted the Ganga river - OnlineSktDict

See my note on Jahnu - the rishi

• जह्नुसुता (jahnusutaa)
Skt: जह्नुसुता (jahnusutaa) - ganga - OnlineSktDict

UKT: The river Ganga [terrestrial river personified by the goddess] is also known as Jahnvi, Janhavi or Jhanvi, meaning "daughter of Jahnu" - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rishi_Jahnu 100701


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• जज्ञिरे (jaGYire)
= ज ज ् ञ ि र े
Skt: जज्ञिरे (jaGYire) - (Verb, Past IIIP pl.PP) took birth; were born - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes

Rishi Jahnu

From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rishi_Jahnu 100701
Note: UKT additions in [...]

Rishi Jahnu appears in the story of Ganga {gïn~ga} [celestial river personified by the goddess] and Bhagiratha. When Ganga came to earth after being released from lord Shiva's locks, her torrential waters wreaked havoc with Jahnu's fields and penance. Angered by this, the great sage drank up all of Ganga's waters to punish her. Seeing this, the Gods [deva {dé-wa}] prayed to the sage to release Ganga, so that she could proceed on her mission to release the souls of the ancestors of Bhagiratha. Jahnu relented and he released Ganga from his ear. For this, the Ganga river [terrestrial river personified by the same goddess] is also known as Jahnvi, Janhavi or Jhanvi, meaning "daughter of Jahnu".

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Janaka - the kings of Mithila

From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janaka 100405

Janaka (Skt: जनक, janaka) or Raja Janaka (राजा जनक, rājā janaka) were the Kings of Videha Kingdom. Their capital was Mithila, which is believed to be present day Janakpur, Nepal. The most famous Janak was Seeradhwaj; he is mentioned in the Ramayana as the father of Sita and also there are references to him in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, Mahabharata and Puranas.

Legend of Janakas

The Janakas were known to versed in the knowledge of the Atman, and remained free from attachments even while living as householders and rulers.

Janak in Ramayana

In Baal Kand of Valmiki's Ramayana, Seeradhwaj Janaka (more popularly known merely as Raja Janak or King Janak) proposed a test of strength in which suitors vying for his daughter's hand in marriage would have to string the great bow of Lord Shiva. Lord Rama passed this test of strength, and Janaka's daughter Sita (also referred to as Janaki) wed Rama and together they resided in Ayodhya.

Seeradhwaj Janaka was not only a brave king, but was also as well-versed in the shastras and Vedas as any rishi. He was the beloved pupil of Yaajnavalkya, whose exposition of Brahman to the king forms one chapter of the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad. In the Bhagavad Gita, Sri Krishna cites Seeradhwaj Janaka as an illustrious example of the Karma yoga.

Seeradhwaj Janaka was also said to be a Rajarshi having spiritually advanced and reached the state of a rishi, though he was a king administrating the kingdom of Mithila. He was also instructed by sage Ashtavakra upon the nature of the self or Atman; this exposition forms the content of the famous treatise Ashtavakra Gita.

According to the epic Ramayana and Mahabharata, the Janakas were a race of kings who ruled Videha Kingdom from their capital Mithila. The father of Sita (the wife of Raghava Rama) was named Seeradwaja Janaka. These epics mention many other Janaka kings who were all great scholars and lead the life of a sage though they were kings. They engaged in religious conversations with many sages.

For genealogy of Janakas, see Kings of Mithila.

End of Wikipedia article.

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