Update: 2011-09-22 02:14 PM +0800


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

Downloaded, set in HTML, and edited by U Kyaw Tun, M.S. (I.P.S.T., U.S.A.), and staff of TIL Computing and Language Centre, Yangon, Myanmar. Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone.

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/ {kaar}/{ka:r} कार्
{ka-la.} काल
{ka-bya.} कब्य /काव्य
{ka-sha.} काश
{ka-Sa.} काष
{ka-a.} कास

UKT notes
Kassapa (Pāli) [/ {k~a.pa.}] Buddha

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/ {kaar}/{ka:r} कार्

UKT: Keep in mind the Two-three tone problem between IE (Indo-European) and the Burmese-Myanmar. We have already seen the checking of the short vowel as {kar~} in Skt: कर्कटी karkaṭī  f.  cucumber (SpkSkt) changing into Pal: kakkaṭī  f.  a kind of cucumber, snake, pot (UPMT-PED061) in a previous file. Here, when there is need to check the long vowel, the emphatic has to be checked.


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कार्तिकेय (kaartikeya) = क ा र ् त ि क े य
Skt: कार्तिकेय (kaartikeya) - the god of war, was reared by the Pleiades - OnlineSktDict 

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कार्पण्य (kaarpaNya)
Skt: कार्पण्य (kaarpaNya) - of miserliness - OnlineSktDict 

कार्पण्यवादो (kaarpaNyavaadii)
Skt: कार्पण्यवादो (kaarpaNyavaadii) - adj. wretchedness incarnate - OnlineSktDict 

कार्पर  kārpara  adj.  cranial, cranic - SpkSkt

कार्पास  kārpāsa  adj. cotton, made of cotton; m.  cotton, made of cotton - SpkSkt

कार्पासी  kārpāsī  f.  cotton plant - SpkSkt

कार्य (kaarya)
Skt: कार्य (kaarya) - work - OnlineSktDict 

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कार्यं (kaaryaM)
Skt: कार्यं (kaaryaM) - work - OnlineSktDict 

कार्यकर्ता (kaaryakartaa)
Skt: कार्यकर्ता (kaaryakartaa) - worker, active participant in an organization - OnlineSktDict 

कार्यते (kaaryate)
Skt: कार्यते (kaaryate) - is forced to do - OnlineSktDict 

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कार्यालयः (kaaryaalayaH)
Skt: कार्यालयः (kaaryaalayaH) - (m) office, place of work - OnlineSktDict 

कार्ये (kaarye)
Skt: कार्ये (kaarye) - work - OnlineSktDict 

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{ka-la.} काल

काल kāla (kaala)
Skt: काल (kaala) - Time - OnlineSktDict
Skt: काल  kāla - adj.  black, era, time, season, appointed time, occasion, circumstance, tense [grammar] - SpkSkt
Pal: kāla  m. time, season, death - UPMT-PED072
Pal: {ka-la.} - UHS-PMD0312

कालं (kaalaM)
Skt: कालं (kaalaM) - time - OnlineSktDict 

कालः (kaalaH)
Skt: कालः (kaalaH) - Master Time - OnlineSktDict 

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कालत्रय (kaalatraya)
Skt: कालत्रय (kaalatraya) - three states of time (present, past and future) - OnlineSktDict 

कालपुरुष (kaalapurushha)
Skt: कालपुरुष (kaalapurushha) - Universal Protiotypal Human.  Spitrit of Time - OnlineSktDict 

कालबल (kaalabala)
Skt: कालबल (kaalabala) - Temporal strength of planets used in Shad bala - OnlineSktDict 

कालबाह्यम् (kaalabaahyam.h)
Skt: कालबाह्यम् (kaalabaahyam.h)  - (adj) outdated, obsolete - OnlineSktDict 

कालभैरवासन (kaalabhairavaasana)
Skt: कालभैरवासन (kaalabhairavaasana) - Lord Kalabhairava's posture - OnlineSktDict 

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कालसर्पयोग (kaalasarpayoga)
Skt: कालसर्पयोग (kaalasarpayoga) - Planets on one side of the Nodal Axis of Rahu-Ketu - OnlineSktDict 

कालानल (kaalaanala)
Skt: कालानल (kaalaanala) - the fire of death - OnlineSktDict 

कालाय (kaalaaya)
Skt: कालाय (kaalaaya) - (masc.dat.S) to the (Lord of) Time- OnlineSktDict 

कालिक  kālika  adj.  relating to time - SpkSkt

कालोमातुः (kaaliimaatuH)
Skt: कालोमातुः (kaaliimaatuH) - Mother Kali's - OnlineSktDict 

काले (kaale)
Skt: काले (kaale) - time - OnlineSktDict
Skt: काले  kāle  indecl. loc.  in time, seasonably - SpkSkt

कालेन (kaalena)
Skt: कालेन (kaalena) - in the course of time - OnlineSktDict 

कालेषु (kaaleshhu)
Skt: कालेषु (kaaleshhu) - times - OnlineSktDict 

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{ka-bya.} कब्य /काव्य

काव्य (kaavya)
Skt: काव्य (kaavya) - poetry - OnlineSktDict
Pal: kabya - n. poetry - UPMT-PED067

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{ka-sha.} काश

काशते (kaashate)
Skt: काशते (kaashate) - to shine - OnlineSktDict  

काश्यप kāśyapa : Dev rendered from Wiki transcription by UKT.
Skt: kāśyapa - [Pal: kassapa, Bur: {ka~a.pa.}] is the name of a Buddha - UKT from Wiki http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kassapa_Buddha 100618
Pal: kassapa  m. one of the 24 Buddhas; a famous disciple of the Buddha - UPMT-PED071
Pal: / {k~a.pa.} - UHS-PMD0304

See my notes on Kāśyapa . They are on a Buddha, a Buddhist monk, and a Hindu rishi (sage).

काशिराजः (kaashiraajaH)
Skt: काशिराजः (kaashiraajaH) - Kasiraja - OnlineSktDict 

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काश्यः (kaashyaH)
Skt: काश्यः (kaashyaH) - the King of Kasi (Varanasi) - OnlineSktDict 

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{ka-Sa.} काष

काषाय (kaashhaaya)
Skt: काषाय (kaashhaaya) - saffron cloth - OnlineSktDict 

काष्ट (kaashhTa)
Skt: काष्ट (kaashhTa) - wood, branch - OnlineSktDict 

काष्ठ (kaashhTha)
 Skt: काष्ठ (kaashhTha) - (neut) piece of wood - OnlineSktDict 

काष्ठ  kāṣṭha = क ा ष ् ठ 
Skt: काष्ठ  kāṣṭha n. firewood - SpkSkt

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{ka-a.} कास

कासते (kaasate)
Skt: कासते (kaasate) - to cough - OnlineSktDict 

कासारः (kaasaraH)
Skt: कासारः (kaasaraH) - lake - OnlineSktDict 

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UKT notes

Kāśyapa [UKT: the mythical Buddha]

From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kassapa_Buddha 110407
Note: In my earlier editions, I have given an excerpt from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kassapa_Buddha 100618

In Buddhist tradition, Kassapa (Pāli) [/ {k~a.pa.}] is the name of a Buddha, the third of the five Buddhas of the present kalpa (the Bhaddakappa or 'Fortunate Aeon'), and the sixth of the six Buddhas prior to the historical Buddha mentioned in the earlier parts of the Pali Canon (D.ii.7). In the Buddhist texts in Sanskrit, this Buddha is known as Kāśyapa.


Kassapa was born in Nepal. His parents were the Brahmins Brahmadatta and Dhanavatī, of the Kassapagotta.

According to legend, his body was twenty cubits high, and he lived for two thousand years in three different palaces. They are Hamsa, Yasa, and Sirinanda. (The BuA.217 calls the first two palaces Hamsavā and Yasavā). His chief wife was Sunandā, who bore him a son named Vijitasena.

UKT: I remember when I was still a child in the 1930's and 40's, my father's friends in Kungyangoan (my birthplace) used to argue about the height of the Buddha. According to them, it was 70 {n-taung}, which they had taken to be 70 cubits. My father used to laugh at them pointing out the word they had used was {n-taung} which literally means 'the real-cubit' and not the {taung}, which of course, is 'cubit' or 18 inches. He asked them what was the length of the {n-taung} in terms of inches and feet. None could give my father the answer and the reference he was asking for, and they had to change the subject. There were about two or three such discussions. It was one of my first lessons on the importance of definition of a unit of measurement. - UKT 110407 written 60 years after the episode.

Kassapa gave up his worldly life traveling in his palace (pāsāda). He practiced austerities for only seven days. Just before attaining enlightenment, he accepted a meal of milk-rice from his wife and grass for his seat from a yavapālaka named Soma. [UKT: 'Soma' literally means an invigorating drink made from an unknown ancient plant.] His bodhi (the tree under which he attained enlightenment) was a banyan tree, and he preached his first sermon at Isipatana to an assembly of monks who had renounced the world in his company.

Kassapa performed the Twin Miracle at the foot of an asana tree outside Sundar Nagar, India. He held only one assembly of his disciples; among his most famous conversions was that of Nāradeva, a Yaksha. His chief disciples among monks were Tissa and Bhāradvāja, and among nuns were Anulā and Uruvelā, his constant attendant being Sabbamitta. Among his patrons, the most eminent were Sumangala and Ghattīkāra, Vijitasenā, and Bhaddā.

Kassapa died at the age of forty thousand years, in the city of Kashi, in the Kasi Kingdom (now known as Varanasi, in the modern-day Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Over his relics was raised a thūpa one league in height, each brick of which was worth one crore (ten million) rupees.

UKT: More in Wikipedia article on the Buddha.


Mahākāśyapa [UKT: the presiding monk at the First Buddhist Council]

From: Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mah%C4%81k%C4%81%C5%9Byapa - 110407

Mahākāśyapa (Skt: Mahākāśyapa; Pai: Mahakassapa ; Japanese: Maha Kasho or Makakasho.) or Kāśyapa was a brahman of Magadha, who became one of the principal disciples of Śākyamuni Buddha and who convened and directed the first council. Mahākāśyapa is one of the most revered of the Buddha's early disciples, foremost in ascetic practices. He is often depicted in statuary together with Ananda, each standing to one side of the Buddha.

Zen purports to lead its adherents to insights akin to that mentioned by Śākyamuni Buddha in his Flower Sermon in which he held up a white flower and just admired it in his hand.[1] Mahākāśyapa smiled faintly, and Śākyamuni Buddha picked that disciple as one who truly understood him and who was worthy to be his successor.[2]

The words of the Śākyamuni Buddha addressed to Mahākāśyapa are described below:[3]

I possess the true Dharma eye, the marvelous mind of Nirvana, the true form of the formless, the subtle dharma gate that does not rest on words or letters but is a special transmission outside of the scriptures. This I entrust to Mahākāśyapa.[3]

Thus, a way within Buddhism developed which concentrated on direct experience rather than on rational creeds or revealed scriptures. Zen is a method of meditative religion which seeks to enlighten people in the manner that the Mahākāśyapa experienced.[2]

In the Song of Enlightenment (證道歌 Zhngdo gē) of Yǒngjiā Xunju (665-713)[4] one of the chief disciples of Hunng, the 6th patriarch of Chan Buddhism it is written that Bodhidharma was the 28th patriarch in a line of descent from Mahākāśyapa, a disciple of Śākyamuni Buddha, and the first patriarch of Chan Buddhism:

Mahākāśyapa was the first, leading the line of transmission -

Twenty-eight Fathers followed him in the West;
The Lamp was then brought over the sea to this country;
And Bodhidharma became the First Father here:
His mantle, as we all know, passed over six Fathers,
And by them many minds came to see the Light.[5]

According to Chinese legend, the monk Ji Gong is a reincarnation of Mahākāśyapa (known as the Taming Dragon arhat). In Lotus Sutra Chapter 6 (Bestowal of Prophecy), the Buddha bestows prophecies of enlightenment on the disciples Mahakashyapa, Subhuti, Maha Katyayana, and Mahamaudgalyayana.

UKT: End of Wikipedia article on the monk.


Kashyap [UKT: the Hindu sage]

From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kashyapa 110407

Kashyap (Skt: कश्यप kaśyap) was an ancient sage (rishis), who is one of the Saptarshis in the present Manvantara; with others being Atri, Vashishtha, Vishvamitra, Gautama, Jamadagni, Bharadwaja [1]

He was the father of the Devas, Asuras, Nagas and all of humanity. He married Aditi, with whom he fathered Agni, the Adityas, and most importantly Lord Vishnu took his fifth avatar as Vamana, the son of Aditi, in the seventh Manvantara [2]. With his second wife, Diti, he begot the Daityas. Diti and Aditi were daughters of King Daksha Prajapati and sisters to Sati, Shiva's consort. Kashyap received the earth, obtained by Parashurama's conquest of King Kartavirya Arjuna and henceforth, earth came to be known as "Kashyapi".

He was also the author of the treatise Kashyap Samhita, or Braddha Jivakiya Tantra, which is considered, a classical reference book on Ayurveda especially in the fields of Ayurvedic pediatrics, gynecology and obstetrics.[3] It can be safely assumed that there were many Kashyaps and the name indicates a status and not just one individual.

Birth and lineage of Kashyapa

He is the son of Marichi, one of the ten sons (Maanasa-putras) of the Creator Brahma. The Prajapati Daksha gave his thirteen daughters (Aditi, Diti, Kadru, Danu, Arishta, Surasa, Surabhi, Vinata, Tamra, Krodhavaśā, Ida, Khasa and Muni [4] in marriage to Kashyapa.

His sons from Aditi or Adityas (Sons of Aditi) were, Aṃśa, Aryaman, Bhaga, Dhūti, Mitra, Pūṣan, Śakra, Savitṛ, Tvaṣṭṛ, Varuṇa, Viṣṇu, and Vivasvat or Vivasvan [4], who went on to start the Solar Dynasty (Suryavansha), which later came to be known as Ikshvaku dynasty, after his great grandson, King Ikshvaku, whose subsequent kings were, Kukshi, Vikukshi, Bana, Anaranya, Prithu, Trishanku, and finally King Raghu, who gave it the name, Raghuvansh (Dynasty of Raghu), and then further leading up to Lord Ram, the son of Dashrath [5].
His sons from Diti were, Hiranyakashipu and Hiranyaksha and a daughter Sinhika, who later became the wife of Viprachitti. Hiranyakashipu had four sons, Anuhlada, Hlada, Prahlada, and Sanhlada, who further extended the Daityas [4].
Garuda and aruna are the sons of Kashyap from his wife, Vinata [6]
The Nāgas (serpents) are his sons from Kadru.
The Danavas are his sons from Danu.
The Bhagavata Purana states that the Apsaras were born from Kashyap and Muni.

In the family line of Kashyap, along with him there are two more discoverers of Mantras, namely, his sons Avatsara and Asita. Two sons of Avatsara, namely, Nidhruva and Rebha, are also Mantra-seers. In the Manvantara period named 'Svarochisha', Kashyap was one of the seven Sages for that manvantara. The Indian valley of Kashmir in the Himalayas is named after him.

UKT: There are notes accompanying the article. The notes are worth reading.

Go back Kaasyapa-note-b

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