Update: 2011-09-22 02:11 PM +0800


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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{ka.la.} कल

UKT notes

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{ka.la.} कल

• कलकत्तानगरं (kalakattaanagaraM)
Skt: कलकत्तानगरं (kalakattaanagaraM) - Calcutta - OnlineSktDict

UKT: कलकत्तानगरं is made up of two words कलकत्ता नगरं : as in Bur-Myan, failure to use white-space between two words makes the script unnecessarily complicated - UKT100522

¤ कल  kala
Skt: कल  kala  adj.  indistinct , inarticulate  - SpkSkt
Pal: kala  adj.  soft, indistinct  - UPMT-PED069
Pal: {ka.la.} - UHS-PMD0300

• कलकल (kalakala)
Skt: कलकल (kalakala) - a sort of sound imitation (dhvnyanukaraNa) like a river flow - OnlineSktDict

¤ कलग  kalaga 
Skt: कलग  kalaga  m.   jar  - SpkSkt

• कलत्रकारक (kalatrakaaraka)
Skt: कलत्रकारक (kalatrakaaraka) - Significator of marriage partner which is Venus - OnlineSktDict

¤ कलना  kalanā 
Skt: कलना  kalanā  f.  calculation [Astron.] - SpkSkt

¤ कलभ  kalabha
Skt: कलभ  kalabha  m.   young elephant - SpkSkt
Pal: kalabha  mfn.  a young elephant - UPMT-PED069
Pal: {ka.la.Ba.} - UHS-PMD0300

• कलयतां (kalayataaM)
Skt: कलयतां (kalayataaM) - of subduers - OnlineSktDict

¤ कलश  kalaśa
Skt: कलश  kalaśa  m.  pitcher, water-pot  - SpkSkt
Pal: kalasa , fn ; °sī , f. a water-pot - UPMT-PED069
Pal: {ka.la.sa.} - UHS-PMD0300

• कलह (kalaha)
Skt: कलह (kalaha) - fight, discord, argument - OnlineSktDict
Skt: कलह kalaha  m. contending, quarreling, contention, strife, appeal [jur.] - SpkSkt
Pal: kalaha  mn. quarrel, strife, battle - UPMT-PED069
Pal: {ka.la.ha.} - UHS-PMD0300

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• कला kalā (kalaa)
Skt: कला (kalaa) - art - OnlineSktDict
Skt: कला kalā  f.   art, small part (of anything), digit, atom - SpkSkt
Pal: kalā  f.  a part, fraction, division of time, art - UPMT-PED069
Pal: {ka.la} - UHS-PMD0300

• कलानाथ (kalaanaatha)
Skt: कलानाथ (kalaanaatha) - moon (??? I may be wrong here) - OnlineSktDict

• कलायः (kalaayaH)
Skt: कलायः (kalaayaH) - (m) groundnut - OnlineSktDict

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• कलि (kali)
Skt: कलि (kali) - Bud - OnlineSktDict
Skt: कलि  kali  f. present age; goddess of time; Kali - the fourth age - SpkSkt
Pal: kali  m. sin, demerit, defeat, a die - UPMT-PED070
Pal: {ka.li.} - UHS-PMD0301

¤ कलिका  kalikā
Skt: कलिका  kalikā  f.  bud; unknown flower - SpkSkt
Pal: kalikā  f.  a flower bud - UPMT-PED071
Pal: {ka.li.ka} - UHS-PMD0301

¤ कलिल  kalila 
Skt: कलिल  kalila  m. quagmire - SpkSkt

¤ कलिङ्ग  kaliṅga  n.  water melon - SpkSkt
UKT: SpkSkt also gives कालिङ्ग kāliṅga  

• कलियुग (kaliyuga) 
Skt: कलियुग (kaliyuga) - the current pleasure-loving age - OnlineSktDict

See Kaliyuga in my notes.

• कलिलं (kalilaM)
Skt: कलिलं (kalilaM) - dense forest - OnlineSktDict

• कलुषः (kalushhaH)
Skt: कलुषः (kalushhaH) - smeared, blot - OnlineSktDict

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• कलेवर (kalevara)
Skt: कलेवर (kalevara) - n.  body - OnlineSktDict
Pal: kalevara  n. a body, corpse - UPMT-PED070
Pal: {ka.lé-va.ra.} - UHS-PMD0301

• कलेवरं (kalevaraM)
Skt: कलेवरं (kalevaraM) - the body - OnlineSktDict

• कलौ (kalau)
Skt: कलौ (kalau) - during the kali age - OnlineSktDict

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{kal~} कल्

• कल्कि (kalki) (from Wikipedia: 100421) 

See Kalki in my notes.


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• कल्पद्रुम (kalpadruma)
Skt: कल्पद्रुम (kalpadruma) - kalpa-vRiksha: - OnlineSktDict

• कल्पतरु (kalpataru)
Skt: कल्पतरु (kalpataru) - m. the heavenly tree giving whatever one desires - OnlineSktDict
Skt: कल्पतरु  kalpataru  m.  one of the five trees of paradise - SpkSkt

• कल्पते (kalpate)
Skt: कल्पते (kalpate) - is considered eligible - OnlineSktDict

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• कल्पवृक्षणां (kalpavRikshaaNaaM)
Skt: कल्पवृक्षणां (kalpavRikshaaNaaM) - the kalpa (imagined) vRiksha trees (wish-yielding) - OnlineSktDict

• कल्पक्षये (kalpakShaye)
Skt: कल्पक्षये (kalpakShaye) - at the end of the millennium - OnlineSktDict

• कल्पादौ (kalpaadau)
Skt: कल्पादौ (kalpaadau) - in the beginning of the millennium - OnlineSktDict

• कल्पित (kalpita)
Skt: कल्पित (kalpita) - imagined - OnlineSktDict

¤ कल्मष  kalmaṣa  adj.  sinful, wicked; m.n. dirt, stain; n. spot, impurity, dirtiness, filth  - SpkSkt

• कल्मषः (kalmashhaH)
Skt: कल्मषः (kalmashhaH) - all material contamination - OnlineSktDict

• कल्मषाः (kalmashhaaH)
Skt: कल्मषाः (kalmashhaaH) - of sinful reactions - OnlineSktDict

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• कल्याण (kalyaaNa)
Skt: कल्याण (kalyaaNa) - well being of others - OnlineSktDict 
Skt: कल्याण  kalyāṇa  adj.  benevolent, good, fair, lovely, beneficial, salutary, auspicious, happy, prosperous, fortunated, lucky, well, right. n. good fortune, happiness, properity, good conduct, virtue, welfare, auspiciousness - SpkSkt
*Pal: kalyāna  adj. auspicious, auspicious, fortunate, beautiful, good - UPMT-PED070 . (UKT: Has UPMT lost a diacritic? But see below.)
*Pal: {ka.lya-Na.} - UHS-PMD0301

¤ कल्यानक  kalyānaka
Skt: कल्यानक  kalyānaka  adj.  auspicious - SpkSkt

• कल्याणं (kalyaaNaM)
Skt: कल्याणं (kalyaaNaM) - n. welfare - OnlineSktDict

• कल्याणकृत् (kalyaaNakRit.h)
Skt: कल्याणकृत् (kalyaaNakRit.h) - one who is engaged in auspicious activities - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes

Kali Yuga

From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kali_Yuga 100421

Kali Yuga (कलियुग [kəli juɡə], lit. "age of (the male demon) Kali", or "age of vice") is the last of the four stages that the world goes through as part of the cycle of yugas described in the Indian scriptures. The other ages are Satya Yuga, Treta Yuga and Dvapara Yuga. According to the Surya Siddhanta, an astronomical treatise that forms the basis of all Hindu and Buddhist calendars, Kali Yuga began at midnight (00:00) on 18 February 3102 BCE [1] in the proleptic Julian calendar, or 23 January 3102 BC in the proleptic Gregorian calendar. [UKT ¶]

This date is also considered by many Hindus to be the day that Krishna died after being mortally wounded by an arrow. [UKT ¶]

Most interpreters of Hindu scriptures believe that earth is currently in Kali Yuga. Some, such as Swami Sri Yukteswar, [2] David Frawley, [3] and Paramhansa Yogananda[4] believe that it is now near the beginning of Dvapara Yuga. The Kali Yuga is traditionally thought to last 432,000 years.

Hindus believe that human civilization degenerates spiritually during the Kali Yuga,[5] which is referred to as the Dark Age because in it people are as far removed as possible from God. Hinduism often symbolically represents morality (dharma) as a bull. In Satya Yuga, the first stage of development, the bull has four legs, but in each age morality is reduced by one quarter. By the age of Kali, morality is reduced to only a quarter of that of the golden age, so that the bull of Dharma has only one leg. [6] [7]

Kali Yuga is associated with the apocalyptic demon Kali, not to be confused with the goddess Kālī (these are unrelated words in the Sanskrit language). The "Kali" of Kali Yuga means "strife, discord, quarrel, or contention."

Attributes of Kali Yuga

A discourse by Markandeya in the Mahabharata identifies some of the attributes of Kali Yuga:

In relation to rulers: Rulers will become unreasonable: they will levy taxes unfairly. Rulers will no longer see it as their duty to promote spirituality, or to protect their subjects: they will become a danger to the world. People will start migrating, seeking countries where wheat and barley form the staple food source.

In human relationships: Avarice and wrath will be common. Humans will openly display animosity towards each other. Ignorance of dharma [UKT: interpret as 'justice' or 'fairness'] will occur. People will have thoughts of murder for no justification and they will see nothing wrong with that mind-set. Lust will be viewed as socially acceptable, and sexual intercourse will be seen as the central requirement of life, with the result that even 13 to 16-year old girls will get pregnant. Sin will increase exponentially, whilst virtue will fade and cease to flourish. People will take vows only to break them soon after. People will become addicted to intoxicating drinks and drugs. Men will find their jobs stressful and will go to retreats to escape their work. Gurus will no longer be respected and their students will attempt to injure them. Their teachings will be insulted and followers of Kama will wrest control of the mind from all human beings. Brahmins will not be learned and honoured, Kshatriyas will not be brave, Vaishyas will not be just in dealings and shudras will not be honest and humble to their duties and to the other castes.

A special 10,000 year period within Kali Yuga: The Brahma Vaivarta Purana mentions a ten thousand year period during which bhakti yogis will be present. [8] Starting from the traditional dating of the Kali yuga epoch of February 18, 3102 BC/BCE.

The end of Kali Yuga : "When flowers will be begot within flowers, and fruits within fruits, then will the Yuga come to an end. And the clouds will pour rain unseasonably when the end of the Yuga approaches."


Kali (कलि) is the reigning lord of Kali Yuga and the nemesis of Sri Kalki (कल्कि) , who is the tenth and final avatar of Lord Vishnu. According to the Vishnu Purana, Kali is a negative manifestation of Vishnu who perpetually operates in this world as a cause of destruction, along with his evil extended family.[9] Kali also serves as an antagonistic force in the Kalki Purana. It is said that towards the end of this yuga, Kalki will return riding on a white horse to do battle with Kali and his dark forces. The world will suffer a fiery end which will destroy all evil, and a new age, Satya Yuga, will begin.

Other interpretations of Kali Yuga and the Yuga cycle

Other interpreters of the Hindu scriptures take a different view of the Yuga cycle.

In David Frawley's opinion, the cycle of Yugas is much like the four seasons. The planet gradually moves from one yuga to the next and from one cycle to the next, without any sudden jump from Kali into Satya Yuga. According to Frawley, historical evidence shows that Kali Yuga ended around 1700 CE, changing at that time to Dwapara Yuga. He also questions the traditional 432,000 year cycle.[3]

Like Frawley, Sri Yukteswar Giri maintains that we are currently in Dwapara Yuga. According to him, the astronomers and astrologers who calculated the almanacs were guided by the false annotations of certain Sanskrit scholars such as Kullu Bhatta. As a result, [they] falsely maintained that the length of Kali Yuga is 432,000 years, of which 4994 would have elapsed as of 1894, leaving 427,006 years remaining. Yukteswar Giri declares this "A dark prospect! And fortunately one not true." He himself offers an astronomical explanation for a shorter cycle in which Kali Yuga lasts only 2,400 years (1,200 x 2 = one descending Kali Yuga cycle + one ascending cycle). He argues that Kali Yuga is represented by the introduction of atomic energy and electricity.[2]

UKT: End of Wikipedia article http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kali_Yuga 100421
New material from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kali_Yuga 110903

Kali Yuga in Sikhism

In Sikhism, it is believed that one should meditate on God as much as possible because of the world being in Kali Yuga. Because of Kali Yuga it is stressed that one should meditate as much as possible to reach the state of Nirvanna and be liberated or be one with God. Guru Granth Sahib Ji on Ang:1185 says: ab kaloo aaeiou rae || Now, the Dark Age of Kali Yuga has come. eik naam bovahu bovahu || Plant the Naam, the Name of the One Lord. an rooth naahee naahee || It is not the season to plant other seeds. math bharam bhoolahu bhoolahu || Do not wander lost in doubt and delusion.[9]

Brahma Kumaris

According to the Brahma Kumaris & Prajapita Brahma Kumaris, there are also five ages or yugas in a single cycle or Kalpa of 5000 years in which the Kali Yuga or Iron Age is the lowest, most impure, vicious and where ignorance rules. It lasts for 1250 years at the end of which a fifth age of only 100 years exists called the Sangum Yuga (Confluence Age or meeting with God) during which time the Iron Age is destroyed and the Golden Age re-created. Every 5,000 Year kalpa cycle repeats identically the same.[10]

Go back kaliyuga-note-b

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From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kalki 100422

In Hinduism, Kalki (कल्कि; also rendered by some as Kalkin and Kalaki) is the tenth and final Maha Avatara (great incarnation) of Vishnu who will come to end the present age of darkness and destruction known as Kali Yuga. The name Kalki is often a metaphor for eternity or time. The origins of the name probably lie in the Sanskrit word "kalka" which refers to mud, dirt, filth, or foulness and hence denotes the "destroyer of foulness," "destroyer of confusion," "destroyer of darkness," or "annihilator of ignorance."[1] Other similar and divergent interpretations based on varying etymological derivations from Sanskrit - including one simply meaning "White Horse" - have been made.[2]

In the Buddhist Kalachakra tradition, some 25 rulers of the legendary Shambhala Kingdom have the title of Kalki, Kulika or Kalki-king.[3]

Maha Avatara

Hindu traditions permit numerous interpretations of what avatars are and to what purpose they act. Avatara means "descent" and indicates a descent of the divine awareness into manifestations of the mundane form. The Garuda Purana lists ten avatars, with Kalki being the tenth. The Bhagavata Purana initially lists twenty-two avatars, but mentions an additional three for a total of twenty-five avatars. He is presented as the twenty-second avatar in this list.

Popular images depict him riding a white horse with wings known as Devadatta (God-given.) In these images, Kalki is brandishing a sword in his right hand and is intent on eradicating the corrupt destitution and debauchery of Kali Yuga. Others represent him as an amalgam of a horse's head and a man's body.

The prophecy and its origins

One of the earliest mentions of Kalki is in the Vishnu Purana, which is dated generally to be after the Gupta Empire around the 7th century A.D.[4] In the Hindu Trimurti, Vishnu is the preserver and sustainer of life, balancing the processes of creation and destruction. Kalki is also mentioned in another of the 18 major Puranas, the Agni Purana. Agni is the god of fire in the Hindu pantheon, and symbolically represents the spiritual fire of life and the processes of transformation. It is one of the earliest works declaring Gautama Buddha to have been a manifestation of Vishnu, and seems to draw upon the Vishnu Purana in its mention of Kalki. A later work, the Kalki Purana, a minor Purana, is an extensive exposition of expectations and predictions of when, where, and why it is said he will come, and what he is expected to do. It has a militant perspective, and celebrates the defeat of traditions that are deemed heretical for not adhering closely enough to the traditions of the Vedas, such as Buddhism and Jainism[citation needed]. A few other minor Purana also mention him.

The Agni Purana explains that when the non-Aryans who pose as kings begin devouring men who appear righteous and feed on human beings, Kalki, as the son of Vishnuyasha, and Yajnavalkya as His priest and teacher, will destroy these non-Aryans with His weapons. He will establish moral law in the form of the fourfold varnas, or the suitable organization of society in four classes. After that people will return to the path of righteousness. (16.7-9) The Agni Purana also relates that Hari, after giving up the form of Kalki, will go to heaven. Then the Krita or Satya Yuga will return as before. (16.10)

The Vishnu Purana also explains that, "When the practices taught in the Vedas and institutes of law have nearly ceased, and the close of the Kali age shall be nigh, a portion of that divine being who exists of His own spiritual nature, and who is the beginning and end, and who comprehends all things, shall descend upon earth. He will be born in the family of Vishnuyasha, an eminent Brahmana of Shambhala village, as Kalki, endowed with eight superhuman faculties. By His irresistible might he will destroy all the mlecchas and thieves, and all whose minds are devoted to iniquity. He will reestablish righteousness upon earth, and the minds of those who live at the end of the Kali age shall be awakened, and shall be as clear as crystal. The men who are thus changed by virtue of that peculiar time shall be as the seeds of human beings, and shall give birth to a race who will follow the laws of the Krita age or Satya Yuga, the age of purity. As it is said, 'When the sun and moon, and the lunar asterism Tishya, and the planet Jupiter, are in one mansion, the Krita age shall return.'" (Book Four, Chapter 24)

The Padma Purana relates that Lord Kalki will end the age of Kali and will kill all the wicked mlecchas and, thus, destroy the bad condition of the world. He will gather all of the distinguished brahmanas and will propound the highest truth. He will know all the ways of life that have perished and will remove the prolonged hunger of the genuine brahmanas and the pious. He will be the only ruler of the world that cannot be controlled, and will be the banner of victory and adorable to the world. (6.71.279-282)

The Bhagavata Purana states, "At the end of Kali Yuga, when there exist no topics on the subject of God, even at the residences of so-called saints and respectable gentlemen of the three higher castes, and when the power of government is transferred to the hands of ministers elected from the lowborn shudra class or those less than them, and when nothing is known of the techniques of sacrifice, even by word, at that time the Lord will appear as the supreme chastiser. (2.7.38) It further describes Lord Kalki's activities as follows: "Lord Kalki, the Lord of the universe, will mount His swift white horse Devadatta and, sword in hand, travel over the earth exhibiting His eight mystic opulences and eight special qualities of Godhead. Displaying His unequaled effulgence and riding with great speed, He will kill by the millions those thieves who have dared dress as kings." (12.2.19-20)

The Kalki Purana combines all of the elements from the puranas above. He is one who has power to change the course of time stream in the favour of the good. He will be one to whom the power to change the destiny of the world will be given. It states the evil family of the demon Kali will spring from the back of Brahma. They will descend to earth and cause mankind to turn towards depravity. When man stops offering yagna to the gods, Vishnu himself will descend to earth to rid the world of evil. He will be reborn as Kalki to noted Brahmin family in the city of Shambhala. As a young man, He will be mentored in the arts of war by Parashurama, the sixth incarnation of Vishnu.[5] He will then set out across the world battling evil kings and false prophets. He finally defeats Kali and brings about the Satya yuga. Having completed His mission, He will assume his four-armed form and return to heaven as Vishnu.

Followers of Tibetan Buddhism have preserved the Kalachakra Tantra in which "Kalkin" is a title of 25 rulers of the mystical realm of Shambhala. The aims and actions of some of these are prophesied in portions of the work.

Kalki and Shambala

The Kalachakra tantra was first taught by the Buddha to King Suchandra, the first dharmaraja of Shambhala.[6] "Lord Kalki will appear in the home of the most eminent brahmana of Shambhala village, the great souls Vishnuyasha and Sumati." (Srimad-Bhagavatam Bhag.12.2.18)[7]

UKT: Whenever you come across the words Buddha and Buddhism, make sure of the source, because there are two kinds of Buddhism - Mahayana and Theravada - which hold almost opposing views. Mahayana, including Tibetan Buddhism, is Hinduism in the guise of Buddhism. - UKT 100422


Literal translation:

शम्भल ग्राम मुख्यस्य ब्राह्मणस्य महात्मनः।
भवने विष्णुयशसः कल्किः प्रादुर्भविष्यति।।
Srimad Bhagavata Maha Purana – 12:2:18

शम्भल ग्राम मुख्यस्य ब्राह्मणस्य महात्मनः।
शम्भु Shambhu (Shiv Shambhu Bhola)[6][7] + ल or ले (of) + ग्राम Grama (Community/Village) + मुख्यस्य Mukhyasya (Principally) + ब्राह्मणस्य Brahmanasya (of the Brahmins) + महात्मनः Maha Atman (Great Souls) Shiva Durga[8] worshipping community principally of great souls Brahmins.

भवने विष्णुयशसः कल्किः प्रादुर्भविष्यति।।
भवने Bhavanê (At the home of) + विष्णु Vishnu + यशसः Yáśas (Worthy) + कल्क Kalk ( Mud or Sediment) + इ i (to arise from, come from) + प्रादुर् Prādúr (Arise/Born) भविष्यति Bhavishyati (In the future)
In the future at the home of Vishnu worthy, one from the mud/sediment will arise/be born.
This points to a name equivalent to mud or sediment born.[9]

द्वादश्यां शुक्ल-पक्षस्य माधवे मासि माधवम्।
जातं ददृशतुः पुत्रं पितरौ हृष्ट-मानसौ।। (1:2:15 Kalki Purna)

द्वादश्यां शुक्ल-पक्षस्य माधवे मासि माधवम्।
द्वादश्यां - द्वा dvA (two) + दश्यां dashya (tens/10's) meaning 20 शुक्ल-पक्षस्य - शुक्ल Shukla (bright) + पक्षस्य(pakshaya) parts (the first part of the moon cycle) + माधवे madhva is Hindu month of Chaitra (First day of Chaitra is when Lord Brahma created the universe) March/April + मासि masi (month of) + माधवम् madhavam it is a point of reference to the birthday of Lord Krishna celebrated as Krishna Janmashtami which is observed on the eighth day of the dark half or Krishna Paksha of the month of Bhaadra (parts of August and september).

द्वादश्यां - द्वा dvA (two) + दश्यां dashya (tens/10's) meaning 12 शुक्ल-पक्षस्य - शुक्ल Shukla (bright) + पक्षस्य(pakshaya) parts (the first part of the moon cycle) + माधवे madhva is hindu month of Chaitra[10] (First day of Chaitra is when Lord Brahma created the universe, Hindu new year starts) March/April + मासि masi (month of) + माधवम् Lord Krishna (as Kalki) arrived. जातं ददृशतुः पुत्रं पितरौ हृष्ट-मानसौ।।
जातं jatam (born - brought into existence) + ददृशतुः dadastu (then) + पुत्रं putram (a son) + पितरौ pitarau (parents [were]) + हृष्ट hrshta (thrilling with rapture, rejoiced, pleased, glad, merry) + मानसौ manasau (mental feeling).
Twenty, first fortnights of the moon cycles from the birthday of Krishna (Krishna Janmashtami - Bhaadra/August) then in the month of Chaitra (March/April) the father was mentally overwhelmed by the son being born. This points to the sun sign of Aries.

12th of the first part of the moon cycle in the month of Chaitra (March/April, Hindu new year) Lord Krishna (as Kalki) arrived then the father was mentally overwhelmed by the son being born This also points to the sun sign of Aries.
In Chaitra month, the fifteen days in Shukla paksha (first fortnight / first half of the month) are dedicated to fifteen gods or deities. Each day of Chaitra month is dedicated to each God. People worship a God on each day, the 12th day (Chaitra Dwadashi) is dedicated to Lord Sri Maha Vishnu.

The marriage of Kalki

Kalki Purna:

मत्तो विद्यां शिवाद् अस्त्रं लब्ध्वा वेद-मयं शुकम्।
सिंहले च प्रियां पद्मां धर्मान् संस्थापयिष्यसि।। 1:3:9
ततो दिग्-विजये भूपान् धर्म-हीनान् कलि-प्रियान्।
निगृह्य बौद्धान् देवापिं मरुञ् च स्थापयिष्यसि।। 1:3:10
श्रुत्वेति वचनं कल्किः शुकेन सहितो मुदा।
जगाम त्वरितो ऽश्वेन शिव-दत्तेन तन्मनाः।। 2:1:39 समुद्र-पारम् अमलं सिंहलं जलसंकुलम्। («=सिंहलद्वीप»)
नाना-विमान-बहुलं भास्वरं मणि-काञ्चनैः।। 2:1:40
प्रासादसदनाग्रेषु पताका-तोरणाकुलम्।
श्रेणी-सभा-पणाट्ताल-पुर-गोपुर-मण्दितम्।। 2:1:41

The beloved of Kalki is named Padma who lives at द्वीप dweep (island) सिंहले Sinhale[11] (सिंह shiha (Lion) + ले(of))= "the island of the lion"(1:3:9).
The spotless/clean land of the lion one which is surrouned by a excellent/supreme ocean at the other side of this ocean. (Line 1 2:1:40).
Abundance of different kinds of chariot of the gods (Air-Crafts) brilliant wealth and prosperity. (Line 2 2:1:40).

Modern interpretations of the Kalki prophecy

Many modern writers have attempted to link figures in comparatively recent history to Kalki. Given the traditional account of the Kali Yuga lasting 432,000 years [12] and having started in 3102 BCE [13], which makes these claims problematic. Some scholars such as Sri Yukteswar Giri and David Frawley have claimed that there are intermediate cycles within the 432,000 year cycle.[14][15]

• Shree Veera Brahmendra Maha Swami, writing about 1,000 years ago in "Divya Maha Kala Jnana" (literally: "Divine Knowledge of the Time") claims that Kalki would arrive when the Moon, Sun, Venus and Jupiter have entered the same sign; such occurrences are not rare and the next is expected in the year 2012 or afterwards.[16]

• Pandit Ved Prakash Upadhyay has argued in his book Kalki Autar aur Muhammad Sahib that Muhammad completed all the prophecies of the Kalki avatar.[17] The book Muhammad in the Hindu Scriptures claims Muhammad to be Kalki based on research from all Vedas, Puranas and Upanishads.[18]

• Ismaili Khojas, a Shia Muslim group from Gujarat and Sindh and followers of Aga khan, believe in the 10 incarnations of Vishnu. According to their tradition Imam Ali, the son-in-law of prophet Muhamad was Kalki.[1][2]

• Members of the Bahá'í Faith have interpreted the prophecies of Kalki's arrival as being references to the arrival of Bahá'u'lláh,[19][20] which has played a major role in the growth of the Bahá'í Faith in India.[21]

• Members of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community believe their founder Mirza Ghulam Ahmad to be the Kalki Avatar.[22]

• In his book The Aquarian Message Samael Aun Weor claims to be the Kalki Avatar.[23]

• In their books The Avatar of What Is by Carolyn Lee PhD and Holy Madness by Georg Feuerstein, they identify claims that Adi Da was the Kalki Avatar.[24]

• In 16th century Dasam Granth, Guru Gobind Singh wrote that Kalki is the Vivek Budhi(Intelligent and Spiritual mind) i.e. Gurmat. When the Sins(Manmatt/Manmukhs) emerge only Gurmat acts as Kalki and vanish all Manmatt of world. Gobind Singh where narrated whole Kalki Avtar of Hindu belief in Chobis Avtar, there he ended with this belief that Kalki is none other than Gurmat. Page 1468/Last Line

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