Update: 2011-09-22 12:39 PM +0800


Sanskrit English Dictionary


from: Online Sanskrit Dictionary, February 12, 2003 . http://sanskritdocuments.org/dict/dictall.pdf  090907

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{hkya.} ख्य
{hk~ra.} ख्र with rhoticity
  without rhoticity is not known in Sanskrit.


UKT notes

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{hkya.} ख्य

• ख्यात (khyaata)
Skt: ख्यात (khyaata) - famous - OnlineSktDict
Pal: khyāta  ppp. (√khā) known, famous - UPMT-PED083
Pal: {hkya-ta.} - UHS-PMD352

• ख्याती (khyaatii)
Skt: ख्याती (khyaatii) - an outlook of knowledge, fame - OnlineSktDict

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{hk~ra.} ख्र with rhoticity
Not without rhoticity.

UKT: The problem of representing ख्र (= ख ् र) in Myanmar is complicated because of two reasons. Firstly, it is due to the habit of Burmese layman to pronounce the {ra.ric} without rhoticity, i.e. as a {ya.ping} : ख्र (= ख ् र) --> : the resulting {hkra.} is pronounced as {hkya.} . Secondly, the habit of the English speaker to pronounce {hkya.} as /ʧ/ as in English <church> /ʧɜːʧ/ . /ʧ/ is an affricate of /t/ and /ʃ/. However the formation of the affricate seems to be contrary to the way of articulation by the native Burmese speakers which include me.

If the English speaking Myanmar were to pronounce the English <Christ> he would pronounce it as /ʧɪst/. Without rhoticity <Christ> becomes something {hkyic} - totally wrong pronunciation. Therefore, it is obvious that ख्र (= ख ् र) must be represented a conjunct {hka.ra.} and not as an ordinary medial. In the conjunct {hka.} the {a.} is not a creak but a schwa. Unfortunately, schwa is not represented in ordinary English-Latin nor in Burmese-Myanmar. Neither is it represented in Sanskrit-Devanagari. Thus it is imperative that we need a dedicated grapheme in Romabama to represent schwa. I propose to use {å} (alt+0229) to represent schwa.

Thus <Christ> in Romabama is {hkåriSt} and . Or, if you prefer {hk~riSt}. If you were to say that representation in Bur-Myan is not accurate enough for an English-speaker, I would have to agree. But since this note is only a stub to show the need for a grapheme for schwa, we will continue this discussion elsewhere. However, for a non-English European-speaker, {hkåriSt} may be good enough. I'm waiting for comments from my peers. -- UKT 110825

• ख्रिस्त (khrista) 
Skt: ख्रिस्त (khrista) - Christ - OnlineSktDict

• ख्रिस्ताब्दे (khristaabde)
Skt: ख्रिस्ताब्दे (khristaabde) - A.D., calendar year - OnlineSktDict

• ख्रिस्ति (khristi)
Skt: ख्रिस्ति (khristi) - Christian - OnlineSktDict

• ख्समता (khsamataa)
Skt: ख्समता (khsamataa) - capacity - OnlineSktDict

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UKT notes


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End of TIL file